Province of Ferrara, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
Fiscaglia (Fiscàja in the Ferrara dialect) is a scattered Italian municipality of 8 704 inhabitants in the province of Ferrara in Emilia-Romagna.
It was established on 1 January 2014 by the merger of the municipalities of Massa Fiscaglia, Migliarino and Migliaro , which constitutes its capital. It is part of the Po Delta Union.
Fiscaglia is a municipality, whose territory is located between 25 and 35 kilometers east of Ferrara and between 15 and 20 kilometers north-west of Comacchio, divided into three residential centers along the Volano, a branch of the Po currently reduced to remediation channel, but which in the early part of the Middle Ages constituted its main branch delta .
Entirely flat (maximum altitude 3 meters) and partly below sea level, the territory was originally characterized by a succession of valleys (lake basins, sometimes brackish) and delta marshes, separated by bumps, with a precarious hydrographic balance. The cultivation was made possible by continuous canalization and reclamation interventions, particularly extensive and intense in the second half of the 19th century. Now the countryside is characterized by large lots in industrial cultivation, with relatively low population density.
The soils are made up of clay-marsh-alluvial deposits (organic clays and slow sandy silts), although traces of some dune cord are still visible, residues of the ancient coast lines. Geologically recent and quite powerful (that is, made up of very thick layers, with a rather uniform particle size), rich in peat which tend to make them acidic, they are usually with the water table near the countryside and frequently saturated .
The closest ORM meteorological station is Codigoro. In the municipal area, in Migliarino, there is an amateur weather station .
Based on the 30-year reference average of 1961-1990, the average temperature of the coldest month, January, stands at +2.1 ° C; that of the hottest month, July, is +23.5 ° C.
Climate classification: zone E, 2269 GR / G
The most probable meaning of the toponym indicates the existence of a "mass of goods" (or, from the Celtic mas or mae, campo, gran campo, prato ) which after confiscations became "con-fisco" (lat. fĭscu (m), "basket" then "state bank"), an area in which taxes were imposed in favor of the fiscus Caesaris, that is, the emperor's private bank, as opposed to the ager publicus, the state treasury , suggesting the hypothesis of a late Roman origin.
«Migliaro», like «Migliarino», derives from miliarium, milestone .
The etymology of the toponym Massa Fiscalie, or Massa Phiscalia, together with the autonomy of the "consortium" , suggests two possible hypotheses on its origin: the first is that it is the result of a confiscation in the sixth century of the Exarchate of Ravenna, later organized as a "castrum" for defensive purposes. As Procopius of Caesarea notes in one of his missives, various properties belonging to the tax authorities were found at the Exarchate, many of which came from Ostrogoth kings .
The second hypothesis, supported by some local scholars, is that the origin is late Roman. To confirm the latter is also the discovery of the traces of some Roman settlements (including a funerary stele and some bricks with imperial stamp), mainly along the Trebbia and Gallare embankments .
It seems less likely that the origin derives rather from an Arimanno settlement after the fall of the Exarchate of Ravenna in 750-751 by the Lombards (and therefore by the Arimanni). Although in the Liber censuum Romanae Ecclesiae of Pope Honorius III of 1192 Masse Fuscalie is explicitly defined as arimanniam , this area was however reconquered about 4 years later by Pepin the Short, between 754 and 756. The lands taken from the Lombards they were then ceded to the Holy See by Charlemagne in 774 in compliance with the Promissio Carisiaca . Therefore, arimanniam should be understood as a type of community organization, not as a community founded by arimanni .
The first certain mention of "Massam item cognomento Fiscaliam" appears in 921 in a bull of Pope John X who granted it to Honest, archbishop of Ravenna . Also in the same year it is mentioned in a placito on the archbishop's lawsuit, as the inhabitants refused to submit subject to contesting their previous membership in the Church. The imperial judges of Berengario I finally recognize it Patrimonium Petri .
Read more: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fiscaglia