Foiano della Chiana

Arezzo, Tuscany, Italy

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Foiano della Chiana
Population:
9 348

About Foiano della Chiana

Foiano della Chiana is a small agricultural town in eastern Tuscany, in the province of Arezzo, between the cities of Sinalunga and Cortona. It is known for its annual carnival.

History

The name of Foiano, according to a legend, derives from the god Giano who, when he went up on the Tiber river and settled in the shade of a hill, called it Flos Giano. Furthermore, a parchment dating back to 842 AD was found. in which Lothair I mentions the Roman Campus Fugianus.

In 1383, control of Foiano passed from Arezzo to Florence and the inhabitants built fortified walls around the city. In 1387 the city became a free municipality and the first municipal statute was drawn up. After the siege of the Aragonese, Foiano fell under Florentine control and in 1480 the new "heart-shaped" city walls were built.

Foiano was the best defense point of the Valdichiana because it was surrounded on three sides by marshes. To access the city, the inhabitants and visitors had to arrive by boat where it was swampy, otherwise by land in the city. The swamp existed where the Chiana River now flows. Foiano Castle was built on the southern side of the city and changed several times depending on who ruled the land. Leonardo da Vinci arrived in Foiano in 1502 and began to draw up plans for the drainage of the Valdichiana and also the famous map of the Valdichiana. In 1525, Foiano was the first municipality to leave its marshes to the Medici to be drained. It took three centuries to dry up the Val di Chiana, continuing during the Lorraine rule. Only when, with the fall of Siena in 1554, the whole territory passed under the dominion of the Medici, was it possible to prepare a coordinated and complete remediation plan. Characters such as Leonardo da Vinci, Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Baldassarre Peruzzi and Vignola were involved in the work.

In 1789, Napoleon's troops crossed Tuscany, but the French Revolution had no influence on Foiano, who enjoyed their pre-existing protection under Florence. In 1862, Foiano took the name of Foiano della Chiana and was one of the first municipalities to elect a municipal council with a popular majority.

Main attractions

Inside the walled city, there are works of art and architecture by Andrea della Robbia and other important Renaissance artists.

Inside the church of San Michele Arcangelo, on the second south altar, a Madonna del Rosario by Lorenzo Lippi and on the third north altar, and glazed terracotta of the Ascension of della Robbia and his son Giovanni around 1495-1500.

Corso Vittorio Emanuele leads to Piazza della Collegiata where, inside the same Collegiate, there is the Madonna della Cintola made in 1502 by Andrea della Robbia and the Coronation of the Virgin of the Luca Signorelli school.

The church of Santa Maria della Fraternità houses four paintings by Giovanni Camillo Sagrestani and the statue of the Madonna and Child by Andrea della Robbia (around 1460), based on a model of his uncle Luca.

The architectural works of Foiano include the 14th century Palazzo Pretorio along one side of Piazza Cavour, and the Palazzo delle Logge on the other, built between the 16th and 17th centuries. The Palazzo delle Logge was the residence of Ferdinando II de 'Medici and the municipal historical archive and the library are now housed inside, with some rooms used for exhibitions. The Civic Tower has been recently restored, preserving its original proportions and facade. Inside the historic center there are also the Garibaldi Theater which was once called Monte Pio in 1570 and Palazzo Neri-Serneri. In addition, the loggias of wheat with the Medici arms are a good example of Foiano's long history. Near the city is the octagonal temple of Santo Stefano della Vittoria, built by Giorgio Vasari for Duke Cosimo I and dedicated to Cosimo's victory in the battle of Scannagallo.

People

Antonio Circignani (1560-1620) was an Italian painter of the late Renaissance. His works include Trinità in the Church of the Holy Trinity, Foiano della Chiana

Mario Lucrezio Reali (born in Foiano in 1939) is an Italian poet and writer and eminent expert in natural gas and oil.

Alessandro Fei (born in 1978) is an Italian men's volleyball player, a member of the Italian men's volleyball team. He lives in the city

Luca Vanni (born in 1985) is an Italian professional tennis player. He mainly participates in the ATP Challenger Tour and ITF Futures, both singles and doubles. He lives in the city

See also

Carnival of Foiano della Chiana

Source: Wikipedia
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foiano_della_Chiana