Province of Latina, Latium, Italy
Fondi (Latin: Fundi; southern Lazio: Fùnn) is a city and comune in the province of Latina, Lazio, central Italy, halfway between Rome and Naples. As of 2017, the city had a population of 39,800. The city has experienced steady population growth since the early 2000s, although it has slowed down in recent years .
Before the construction of the highway between the latter cities in the late 1950s, Fondi had been an important settlement on the Roman Via Appia, which was the main link from Rome to much of southern Italy.
Fondi is the main town of the Piana di Fondi (Piana di Fondi in Italian), a small plain between the Ausoni and Aurunci mountains and the Tyrrhenian Sea. The plain includes three lakes and is very fertile from an agricultural point of view. More prominent are the greenhouses for the production of early crops for sale in Rome. The 15 km long sandy beach stretches from Sperlonga in the southeast to Terracina in the northwest and is located along the Gulf of Gaeta, with a view (when the weather is clear) to the Pontine Islands. It is characterized by a somewhat well preserved landscape of Mediterranean coastal dunes.
The territory of Fondi is partially included in the Regional Natural Park of the Aurunci Mountains.
Fondi has an ancient history, starting from the first settlements around 1000 BC: later on the area was inhabited by the Italic tribes of Aurunci and, subsequently, Volsci. According to legend, it was founded by Hercules in memory of the killing of Caco.
The first historical reference to Fondi dates back to 338 BC, at the time of the Latin war, when its inhabitants (together with those of nearby Formia) obtained a status of minor Roman citizenship (civitas sine suffragio). After a failed attempt at revolt led by Vitruvius Vaccus (330 BC), Fondi remained a Roman prefecture; later (188 BC) he received full citizenship, with a government led by 3 construction workers.
Fondi's importance lay in its position on the ancient Via Appia. Started in 312 BC, it was the main road from Rome to southern Italy for over two millennia. Today the historic center and the surrounding walls of Fondi still form a square, as in the walls of the Roman camp, whose decumanus was formed by the city section of the Via Appia.
After the Gothic war and the Lombard conquest in Italy, Fondi remained a domain of the Eastern Roman Empire. Later part of the Papal States, in 846 it was burnt by the Saracens coming from their fortress of Garigliano: they settled there until they were defeated in the Battle of Circeo in 877, and Fondi was passed to the Duchy of Gaeta.
In 1140 Fondi passed to the L'Aquila family, of Norman origin, and then, in 1299, to the powerful Caetan barons (in the person of Loffredo Caetani, nephew of Pope Boniface VIII), who
for two centuries it made Fondi the center of their power and also a center for artistic development. Here in 1378 the powerful count Onorato I Caetani convened the conclave in which the cardinals elected Clement VII against Urban VI (western schism).
The Caetani lost Fondi after the expedition of Charles VIII of France to southern Italy, and was assigned to the leader Prospero Colonna. Under the Colonna the city experienced another period of artistic and cultural splendor, thanks to the court held by Giulia Gonzaga, who lived in Fondi between 1526 and 1534.
In 1534, Fondi was sacked by Barbarossa, who was trying to kidnap the beautiful Giulia and bring it as a gift to his emperor Suleiman. However, she managed to escape. Another sack followed in 1594, starting the decline of the city, which in the meantime had passed to Carafa di Stigliano. In 1720 Fondi was acquired by the Sangro family.
In 1818 the city in decline, surrounded by swamps infested with malaria, malaria and brigandage, lost its episcopal see there since the earliest years of Christianity.
After the armistice of 8 September 1943, the anti-fascist novelist Alberto Moravia and his wife Elsa Morante took refuge in Fondi; experience inspired the book of Moravia La Ciociara ("The woman of Ciociaria") (1958).
Agriculture in the area around Fondi has always been favored by the presence of abundant water sources and climatic conditions. The traditional citrus production has recently been replaced by that of vegetables and fruit of all kinds.
Fondi is home to an important market for agriculture and food products that distribute millions of tons of agricultural products every year.
The main attractions of Fondi include:
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fondi