Province of Belluno, Veneto, Italy
Lamon is a comune (municipality) in the province of Belluno in the Italian region of Veneto, located approximately 80 kilometers (50 miles) north-west of Venice and approximately 35 kilometers (22 miles) west of Belluno. As of December 31, 2004, it had a population of 3,322 and an area of 54.3 square kilometers (21.0 square miles).
The municipality of Lamon contains the hamlets (subdivisions, mainly hamlets and hamlets) Arina, Bellotti, Cess, Chioè, Oltra, Piei, Pian del vescovo, Rugna, Ronche, San Donato, Sala and Zavena.
Lamon borders the following municipalities: Arsiè, Canal San Bovo, Castello Tesino, Cinte Tesino, Fonzaso, Sovramonte.
The territory of Lamon is located between two long valleys, with the Cismon tributary to the east and the Senaiga tributary to the south, which flows into the Cismon tributary which leads to Lake Senaiga. The municipality borders the municipalities of Belluno di Arsiè, Fonzaso and Sovramonte and the Trentino municipalities of Canal San Bovo, Castello Tesino and Cinte Tesino. The large territory of the municipality, which extends for over 54 km², is divided into three hamlets corresponding to the historic communities of Lamon, San Donato and Arina.
The Lamon territory begins at 360 m asl in the Maoli hamlet and culminates in Monte Coppolo, 2069 m. The climate is alpine, with cold and dry winters and moderately hot summers with frequent breezes. The central plateau, which rises to about 600 m asl, houses the capital and more than half of the entire municipal population.
The origins of the name
In the seventeenth century a derivative exegesis of Castrum Ammonis was given, in reference to an alleged (and never proven) cult of Jupiter Ammon (Jupiter) on the hill of San Pietro.
Indeed, the toponym Lamon could refer to the Proto-Italian lama, attributable to the Etruscan lumena and the Latin file ("pond", but also "landslide"). The geological formation of the vast plateaus of Lamon and Sovramonte formed by the gradual filling of a large lake formed at the end of the last glacial period, about 15,000 years ago, is proof of this.
Prehistory and it was ancient
The Lamon plateau shows traces of frequentation since prehistoric times, as evidenced by the discovery of numerous objects in stone and flint. Among other things, the extraordinary discovery of a prehistoric hunter took place in 1988 in Val Rosna, on the supramontine side of the Cismon. More recently, remains of faunal fossils have been found in the cave of San Donato, including the remains of Ursus spelaeus, a large bear that extended over the Alpine arc (today it is present in the skeleton, made up of bones from different specimens atrium of the town hall ). Research conducted by middle school students in the hamlet of Guana in 1997 discovered arrowheads, scratches, cores and elements of sickle (flint blades) attributable to farmers who lived in the late Neolithic period (3000 BC).
In historical times, for the territory of Lamon, like the rest of Feltrino, toponymic evidence confirms the news of Pliny the Elder, according to which the municipality of Feltria (and its territory which also included the Lamonese plateau) was inhabited by the Rhaetian people, distinct from the Gallic people of nearby Bellunum. There were also Etruscan populations who abandoned the territory of Felsina and the Etruscan plain between 450 and 350 BC. The latter, like Reti, did not speak an Indo-European language, but instead included the Venetian language, the Celtic dialects, Latin and Greek. The niches carved in the rock of the Colle di San Pietro, near the cave now dedicated to the Marian cult, are perhaps attributable to this period.
With the establishment of the municipium of Feltria, the Lamon plateau was affected by Romanization, in particular following the preparation of the Via Claudia Augusta (today in the Lamonese stretch called 'via pagana') which from Altinum reached Augusta Vindelicum (Augusta), in the province of Raetia. The road, traced by Druso and "mounted" by Claudio, passed directly (or a branch of it, the question is still debated) through the Lamonese territory in the direction of Castello Tesino.
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lamon