Province of Nuoro, Sardinia, Italy
Nuoro (Italian pronunciation: (listen) or not correctly ; Sardinian: Nùgoro ) is a city and comune (municipality) in central-eastern Sardinia, Italy , located on the slopes of Monte Ortobene. It is the capital of the province of Nuoro. With a population of 36,347 (2011), is the sixth largest city in Sardinia.
Birthplace of numerous renowned artists, including writers, poets, painters and sculptors, Nuoro houses some of the most important museums in Sardinia. It is considered an important cultural center of the region and has been called "Sardinian Athens" (Sardinian Athens). Nuoro is the birthplace of Grazia Deledda, the only Italian woman to win (1926) the Nobel Prize for literature.
The first traces of human settlements in the Nuoro area (called "il Nuorese") are the so-called Domus de janas, tombs carved into the rock dating back to the third millennium BC. However, fragments of pottery from the Ozieri culture have been discovered and dated to c. 3500 BC
The Nuorese was a center of the Nuragic civilization (which developed in Sardinia from 1500 BC to about 250 BC), as attested by over 30 Nuragic sites, as discovered by the village in the countryside of Tanca Manna, just outside Nuoro, which was composed of about 800 huts.
The Nuorese was crossed by a Roman road that connected Karalis (Cagliari) to Ulbia (Olbia). The legacy of Roman colonization is found above all in the variety of the Sardinian language which is still spoken today in Nuoro: Sardinian Nuorese is considered the most conservative dialect of Sardinian, which in turn is the most conservative Romance language.
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Sardinia was held first by the Vandals and then by the Byzantines. According to the letters of Pope Gregory I, a Romanized and Christianized culture (that of the provincials) coexisted with different pagan cultures (those of the Gens Barbaricina, that is "Barbarian people") located mainly within the island. As Byzantine control waned, the Giudicati appeared. A small village known as Nugor appears on a medieval map from 1147. Over the next two centuries it has grown to over 1000 inhabitants. Nuoro remained a medium-sized city under the Aragonese and Spanish dominion of Sardinia, until famine and plague struck it at the end of the seventeenth century.
After annexation to the Kingdom of Sardinia, the city became the administrative center of the area, obtaining the title of city in 1836.
Since 1972 the Nuoro Regional Ethnographic Institute (ISRE) has been active in Nuoro, which is an institution that promotes the study and documentation of the social and cultural life of Sardinia in its traditional manifestations and transformations. In fact, in addition to managing museums and libraries, it organizes national and international events, including:
the Sardinia International Ethnographic Film Festival (SIEFF) and the Italian Biennial Festival of Ethnography (ETNU) (Italian Ethnographic Biennial Festival).
Sardinian Ethnographic Museum (Sardinian Ethnographic Museum).
Grazia Deledda Museum (Deleddiano Museum).
M.A.N., Museum of Art Province of Nuoro (Museum of Modern Art of the Province of Nuoro).
National Archaeological Museum of Nuoro (National Archaeological Museum of Nuoro).
Ciusa Museum, Museum dedicated to Francesco Ciusa and other artists
Monuments and historical sites
Cathedral of the Madonna della Neve
Sebastiano Satta square
Church of Our Lady of Grace
Church of Solitude
The statue of the Redeemer, Monte Ortobene, the bronze statue of Vincenzo Gerace, 7 meters high, installed on August 29, 1901.
Church of San Carlo, church built in the 17th century containing a copy of Francesco Ciusa's masterpiece The mother of the killed.
Sas Birghines, Domus de Janas located in Monte Ortobene
Sanctuary of the Madonna di Montenero, Monte Ortobene
Together with Italian, the traditional language spoken in Nuoro is Sardinian, in its Logudorese-Nuorese variety.
Nuoro is home to the rarest pasta in the world, su filindeu. The Sardinian name means "the threads (or wools) of God" and is made exclusively by the women of one family in the city, with the recipe handed down from generation to generation.
International cultural events
International Festival of Ethnographic Film of Sardinia
Nuoro is served by the SS 131 DCN (Olbia-Abbasanta), the SS 129 (Orosei-Macomer) and the SS 389 (Monti-Lanusei).
ARST, Sardinian Transport Regional Company offers regular connections with Cagliari, Sassari, Olbia and with various smaller centers in the province and region.
Other private operators (including Deplano Autolinee, Turmotravel, Redentours) connect Nuoro to various cities and airports on the island.
Nuoro is connected by train to Macomer via Ferrovie della Sardegna.
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuoro