Rimini

Province of Rimini, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Country:
Region:
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Municipality:
Rimini
Population:
139 601

About Rimini

Rimini (/ ˈrɪmɪni / RIM-in-ee, Italian: (listen); Romagnol: Rémin; Latin: Ariminum ) is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy and the capital of the Province of Rimini. It extends along the Adriatic Sea, on the coast between the Marecchia (ancient Ariminus) and Ausa (ancient Aprusa) rivers. It is one of the most important seaside resorts in Europe with income from internal and international tourism which constitutes a significant part of the city's economy. The first bathhouse was opened in 1843. A city of art with ancient Roman and Renaissance monuments, Rimini is also the birthplace of the famous director Federico Fellini.

The city was founded by the Romans in 268 BC. Throughout the Roman period, Rimini was a key communication link between the north and south of the peninsula. On its soil, Roman emperors erected monuments such as the Arch of Augustus and the Tiberius Bridge to mark the beginning and end of the Decumanus of Rimini. During the Renaissance, the city benefited from the courtyard of the Casa dei Malatesta, which hosted artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and produced works such as the Tempio Malatestiano. Rimini's main monuments are the Tiberius Bridge and the Arch of Augustus.

In the nineteenth century, Rimini was one of the most active cities on the revolutionary front, hosting many of the movements that sought to achieve Italian unification. During the Second World War, the city was the scene of numerous clashes and bombings, but also of a fierce partisan resistance that earned it the honor of a gold medal for civic value. In recent years it has become one of the most important sites for trade fairs and conferences in Italy.

The urban area of Rimini hosts 149,403 people, while about 325,000 live in the homonymous province, making it the twenty-eighth largest city in Italy.

History

Ancient history

The area was part of the Etruscan civilization until the arrival of the Celts, who held it from the 6th century BC. until their defeat by the Umbrians in 283 BC. In 268 BC at the mouth of the Ariminus (now called Marecchia), the Roman Republic founded the colony of Ariminum.

The city was involved in civil wars but remained loyal to the popular party and its leaders, first Gaius Marius and then Julius Caesar. After crossing the Rubicon, the latter made his legendary appeal to the legions in the Forum of Rimini.

Ariminum was seen as a bastion against the invaders of the Celts and also as a launching pad to conquer the Po valley. As the terminus of the Via Flaminia, which ended in the city at the prestigious Arco di Augusto (erected on 27 BC), Rimini was a road junction that connected central and northern Italy with the Via Emilia which led to Piacenza and to the Via Popilia which extended north; it also opened up maritime and river trade. Remnants of the amphitheater which could accommodate 12,000 people and a five-arched Istrian stone bridge completed by Tiberius (21 AD) are still visible. Later Galla Placidia built the church of Santo Stefano. The evidence that Rimini is of Roman origins is illustrated by the city divided by two main roads, the Cardo and the Decumano.

The end of Roman rule was marked by the destruction caused by invasions and wars, but also by the foundation of the palaces of the imperial officers and the first churches, the symbol of the spread of Christianity which held the important Council of Ariminum in the city of 359.

Middle Ages

When the Ostrogoths conquered Rimini in 493, Odoacre, besieged in Ravenna, had to capitulate. During the Gothic war (535–554), Rimini was taken and recaptured many times. In its vicinity the Byzantine general Narses overthrew (553) the Alamanni. Under Byzantine rule, it belonged to Pentapoli, part of the Exarchate of Ravenna.

In 728 he was taken with many other cities by Liutprando, king of the Lombards, but returned to the Byzantines around 735. Pippin the Short gave it to the Holy See, but during the wars of the popes and Italian cities against the emperors, Rimini sided with the latter.

In the 13th century, it suffered from the discord of the Gambacari and Ansidei families. The city became a municipality in the 14th century and with the arrival of religious orders numerous convents and churches were built, providing work for many illustrious artists. In fact, Giotto inspired the 14th century school of Rimini, which was an expression of the original cultural ferment.

Source: Wikipedia
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rimini