Province of Belluno, Veneto, Italy
Sappada (German: Pladen or Bladen; Plodn in the local southern Bavarian dialect; Friulano: Sapade; Ladino: Sapada) is a municipality (municipality) in the province of Udine, in the Italian region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia.
The settlement is located on the southern slopes of Mount Peralba, part of the chain of the Carnic Alps, near the border with Austria. Sappada is located approximately 130 kilometers (81 miles) north of Venice and approximately 60 kilometers (37 miles) north-east of Belluno. As of December 31, 2004, the municipality had a population of 1,339 and an area of 62.6 square kilometers (24.2 square miles).
Sappada is a German-speaking island in Italy. The local vernacular, Plodarsich or plodar schproche (Sappadino in Italian ), is a variety of Tyrolean Bavarian from the Val Pusteria which is closely related to the discourse of the nearby Sauri (Zahre) in Friuli. However, it is not related to the Cimbrian Germanic language spoken in other linguistic islands of Trentino and Veneto. The German name of the settlement refers to the Piave river (German: Ploden) which crosses the valley.
Sappada borders the following municipalities: Forni Avoltri, Prato Carnico, Santo Stefano di Cadore, Vigo di Cadore.
The Sappada area was initially part of the historic region of Cadore, which Emperor Otto II ceded to the Bavarian bishops of Freising in 973. The bishops already held the nearby Abbey of San Candido in the Val Pusteria. At the time, German-speaking settlers, mainly from the Villgraten valley (in present-day East Tyrol), entered the region. King Henry IV, after his walk in Canossa in January 1077, gave Sappada to the patriarchs of Aquileia in 1077.
Pladen himself, then part of a larger mining area together with nearby Forni Avoltri, was mentioned for the first time in an act of 1269. With the Friulian lands of Aquileia, it was conquered by Venice and incorporated into the mainland domains in 1420. Part of the Province of Belluno since 1852, it fell into the Kingdom of Italy in 1866.
Although Sappada was part of the Italian region of Veneto for many years, it was historically part of the region of Carnia in Friuli. In 2008 the municipality formally asked to join Friuli-Venezia Giulia. According to the Italian constitution, municipalities bordering other regions or provinces have the right to request incorporation into neighboring entities. The municipal council of Sappada took advantage of this possibility and asked the Autonomous Region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia to join it. In September 2010, the regional council of the latter accepted the municipality's request. The Italian parliament approved the incorporation in Friuli-Venezia Giulia on 22 November 2017.
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sappada