Province of Latina, Latium, Italy
Sezze (or Sezza) is a city and comune in the province of Latina, central Italy, approximately 65 kilometers (40 miles) south of Rome and 10 kilometers (6 miles) from the Mediterranean coast. The historic center of Sezze is located on a high hill overlooking the Pontine plain.
The area has been known for its mild climate since Roman times: hot and dry in summer, cool in winter.
According to a legend, the city was founded by the mythical hero Hercules, after his victory over the Lestrigoni, a population of giant cannibals who lived in southern Lazio. The city coat of arms features the white lion of Nemea that Hercules killed in the first labor.
The historic Setia appeared around the fifth century BC. as a member of the Volscan settlement of the Latin League. It became a Roman colony in 382 BC. and flourished thanks to its strategic and commercial position near the via piedmont and via Appia, the road that connected Rome to southern Italy.
During the civil war between Gaius Mario and Silla, Setia supported the first and was subsequently punished by the victorious Silla (82 BC). In the imperial period Setia was famous for its villas, and its wines were praised by Martial, Juvenile and Cicero.
In the early Middle Ages the city had a troubled life due to its location near the main communication road. But in 956 he was freed from papal authority and organized himself as a municipality with his own laws. Later, several popes stayed in Sezze, including Gregory VII (1073), Pasquale II (1116) and Lucius III (1182).
The semi-autonomous state lasted until the city, after decades of skirmishes and wars with the nearby Sermoneta and Priverno, was conquered by the troops of the Caetani family in 1381. After 12 years the Setini rebelled and exterminated the occupiers and once free, he returned under the protection of the pope.
In 1656, after suffering the devastations of the plague and the incursions of the Spanish and Austrian troops, the population was reduced by half.
In 1690 one of the first academies in Italy was founded in Sezze, the scientific-literary academy of the "Abbozzati".
In 1798 all Lazio was occupied by French troops. The Setini rebelled, exterminating the garrison: they avoided a bitter revenge only by paying a large sum of money.
At the end of the 19th century the city was annexed to the newly formed Kingdom of Italy.
During the Second World War some churches and buildings in the historic center were destroyed by American bombing.
Many of the original city walls still exist, built with large polygonal-style limestone blocks. This style is also found in several walls of terraces belonging to a later date, indicated by the careful junction and protrusion of the blocks of which they are composed. Such intentional archaism is by no means rare in the Rome neighborhood.
The modern city, which occupies the ancient site, is an episcopal seat, with a very restored 13th century Gothic cathedral.
There are remains of Roman villas at the foot of the hill ('Monte Trevi') on which the city stands. The two terraces date back to the end of the 2nd century BC.
Sezze is connected to the Rome - Naples railway line. The main road connection is the modern SS7, which bears the name of the ancient Via Appia.
Kozármisleny, Hungary, since 2004
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sezze