Verucchio

Province of Rimini, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Country:
Region:
Province:
Municipality:
Verucchio
Population:
9 960

About Verucchio

Verucchio (Romagnol: Vròcc) is a town in the province of Rimini in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. It has a population of approximately 9,300 inhabitants and is 18 kilometers (11 miles) from Rimini, on a spur overlooking the Marecchia river valley.

History

Traces of a settlement of the XII-IX century BC, presumably of Villanovan origin, have been found in the Netherlands. Later it was an Etruscan possession. The current city takes its name from Vero Occhio ("True Eye"), referring to its privileged position which offers a wide panorama of the surrounding countryside and the Romagna coast.

Here was born Malatesta da Verucchio, founder of the Romagna Malatesta lordship. His successors fortified him as a powerful bastion against the Montefeltro of Urbino. After the expulsion of the Malatesta family (15th century), it was a fiefdom of the Medici in the Papal States; it remained part of the latter, with a short period under the Republic of Venice, until 1620.

Demographic evolution

Main attractions

Rocca Malatestiana (Malatesta Castle, XII-XVI century, also known as Castel del Sasso, or "Castello della Rocca"). It is one of the largest and best preserved Malatesta fortifications, and was the birthplace of Malatesta da Verucchio. In 1449 Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta enlarged it.

archaeological Museum

Rocca del Passerello with adjoining door.

Romanesque-Gothic parish church, dating back to around 990.

Franciscan convent (around 1215), the oldest in Romagna. Inside the church there is a masterpiece of the Rimini school of painting of the thirteenth century which represents the crucifixion. Outside there is a 700 year old cypress which, according to legend, was planted by San Francesco himself.

Source: Wikipedia
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Verucchio