Pesaro and Urbino

The Marches, Italy

Country:
Region:
Province:
Pesaro and Urbino
Population:
362 583

About Pesaro and Urbino

The Province of Pesaro and Urbino (in Italian: Province of Pesaro and Urbino, pronounced [proˈvintʃa di ˈpeːzaro e urˈbiːno]) is a province in the Marche region. Its capital is the city of Pesaro. It also borders on the state of San Marino. The province is surrounded by San Marino and Emilia Romagna in the north, Umbria and Tuscany in the west, Ancona in the south and the Adriatic Sea in the east. The province has an enclave of the Umbrian municipality of Città di Castello called Monte Ruperto. The province is also known as the "Riviera of the hills". It is mainly covered by hills and is famous for its beaches.

The ceramics museum and the Oliveriana library are located in the capital.

The City Council is based in Pesaro while the provincial administration is located in Urbino.

The coat of arms of the province is made up of a shield divided into two parts, each part is given the coat of arms of the two capitals.

It has a solid economy with low unemployment, based on crafts and small and medium industries, agriculture, tourism, resorts and cultural centers. It has a very low per capita energy consumption. Art and crafts contribute to 22% of the province's GDP Tourism in the province plays a primary role in the local economy; the main attractions are the sea and the Apennines. The beaches of Gabicce Mare, Pesaro, Fano and Marotta are the most famous.

Just outside Pesaro, in the small hamlet of Santa Venerada, near the Chiostro di Santo Gaetano chapel is Lucus Pisaurensis, the Sacred Wood of Pisaurum, ancient Pesaro.

History

The first reference sources indicate a pre-extruded settlement in Pesaro. The city was founded as Pisaurum by the Romans in 184 BC. as a colony of the Picentes, an ancient Italic people who lived on the north-eastern coast of Italy during the Iron Age. However, in 1737, 13 ancient votive stones were discovered in a local agricultural field in Pesaro, each with the inscription of a semone or Roman god; these were written in a pre-extrucan script, indicating a much earlier occupation of the area compared to the Picentes colony of 184 BC.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it was included in the Exarchate of Ravenna. In the late Middle Ages and in the early Renaissance it was the nucleus of the county of Urbino and, subsequently, of the Duchy of Montefeltro. Later it was part of the Papal States and, from the end of the 19th century, of the Kingdom of Italy.

After the 2006 referendum, seven municipalities of Montefeltro were detached from the Province to join the Province of Rimini (Emilia-Romagna) on August 15, 2009. The municipalities are Casteldelci, Maiolo, Novafeltria, Pennabilli, San Leo, Sant'Agata Feltria and Talamello.

Geography

There are 59 municipalities (Italian: comune) in the province.

As of May 31, 2005, the main municipalities by population are:

Source: Wikipedia
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Pesaro_and_Urbino