Pisa

Tuscany, Italy

Country:
Region:
Province:
Pisa
Population:
411 190

About Pisa

The Province of Pisa (in Italian: Provincia di Pisa) is a province in the Tuscany region of central Italy. Its capital is the city of Pisa. With an area of 2,448 square kilometers (945 square miles) and a total population of 421,642 (as of 2014 ), it is the second most populous and fifth largest province in Tuscany. It is divided into 37 municipalities.

With a history dating back to the Etruscans and Phoenicians, the province achieved considerable power and influence in the Mediterranean in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Pisa, the capital of the province, is known for its leaning tower and other historical monuments that attract tourists.

History

The area has a long maritime history dating back to the Etruscans, Phoenicians and Gauls. Under the Roman Empire, he was responsible for naval battles against Ligurians, Gauls and Carthaginians, becoming a Roman colony in 180 BC. and gaining further colonial independence under Julius Caesar. Thanks to its complex river system, with the fall of the Roman Empire, Pisa did not suffer unduly and was able to fight the Saracen pirates. In 828 he launched an expedition against the North African coast, while in 871 the Pisan troops helped defend Salerno from the Moors.

In the 11th century, Pisa became a republic, reaching its peak in the 12th and 13th centuries when its navy controlled the western Mediterranean. As a maritime republic, its power extended far beyond the Italian peninsula. After first being an ally and then a rival of the Republic of Genoa, he suffered defeat in the battle of Meloria in 1284. As a result, he began to decline and in 1406 he was annexed to Florence becoming part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany in the 16th century. . In the twentieth century Pisa was hit hard by Allied bombing and Nazi reprisals.

The current province descends from the Grand Duchy, while its territories are part of the former Maritime Republic of Pisa. In 1925 the municipalities of Bibbona, Campiglia Marittima, Castagneto Carducci, Cecina, Collesalvetti, Piombino, Rosignano Marittimo, Sassetta and Suvereto were transferred to the Province of Livorno, and at the same time the municipalities of Castelfranco di Sotto, Montopoli in Val d'Arno, San Miniato , Santa Croce sull'Arno and Santa Maria a Monte were acquired by the Province of Florence. In 1938, the municipality of Castellina Marittima purchased a small portion of the territory of the municipality of Cecina, part of the province of Livorno, to which an administrative error had been attributed.

Geography

The province of Pisa extends from the floodplain of the Arno river in western Tuscany to the Ligurian Sea and has the shape of an inverted gun. It borders to the north with the province of Lucca, to the east with the metropolitan city of Florence and the province of Siena, to the south with the province of Grosseto and to the west with the province of Livorno and the Ligurian Sea. The province contains 39 municipalities (municipalities). The most populous cities in the province since 2013 are Pisa (86,494), Cascina (44,040), San Giuliano Terme (31,039), Pontedera (28,793), San Miniato (27,580), Ponsacco (15,503).

The northern area is mountainous and contains the Apennine mountain range of Monte Pisano, adjacent to the extreme branch of the Apuan Alps, which separates the province of Pisa from Lucca. The highest point of the Monte Pisano mountain range and of the province is located on Monte Serra (917 m or 3,009 feet). The Pisan coast extends for about 15 km (9.3 mi) and includes the following locations: Calambrone, Tirrenia and Marina di Pisa in the Municipality of Pisa, a stretch of coast about 1 km (0.62 mi) , protected as a park and administered by the Municipality of San Giuliano Terme; Vecchiano Marina, in the municipality of Vecchiano, is also located in the park. The area of Pisa is flat, but, a few kilometers further south, in the southern part of the province, is the classic Tuscan landscape made up of hills, woods and ancient villages. Of particular importance to the south is the Val di Cecina, the valley of the Cecina river and the ancient city of Volterra to the west. The southern part of the province is hilly and contains the top of Monte Aia dei Diavoli (867m).

Demography

Statistics recorded since 1861 show that the population of the province has increased gradually, from 240,000 to 1860 c. 390,000 in the 90s. Since the new millennium, it has now increased from around 30,000 to over 420,000 .

As of January 1, 2014, the ten most populated municipalities were Pisa (88,627), Cascina (44,901), San Giuliano Terme (31,315), Pontedera (28,915), San Miniato (28,072), Ponsacco (15,609), Santa Croce sull'Arno (14.528), Castelfranco di Sotto (13.431), Santa Maria a Monte (13.197) and Casciana Terme Lari (12.536),

subdivisions

Common

The province is divided into 37 municipalities (singular: municipality). This is the complete list of municipalities in the province of Pisa:

Economy

Source: Wikipedia
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Pisa