Province of Agrigento

Sicily, Italy

Province of Agrigento
446 837

About Province of Agrigento

The Province of Agrigento (Italian: Province of Agrigento; Sicilian: Pruvincia di Girgenti; officially the municipal consortium of Agrigento) is a province in the autonomous region of Sicily in Italy, located on its southwestern coast. Following the suppression of the Sicilian provinces, in 2015 it was replaced by the free municipal consortium of Agrigento. It has an area of 3,041.90 square kilometers (1,174.48 square miles) and a total population of 474,493. There are 43 municipalities (Italian: municipalities) in the province.

History and location

It is surrounded by the Province of Palermo to the north, Trapani to the west, the Mediterranean Sea to the south and Caltanissetta to the east. The inhabitants of Gela founded the province in the 6th century BC. like Akragas. The province was destroyed by the Carthage in 406 BC. but it was subsequently ruled by Romans, Goths, Byzantines and Arabs. The Arabs rebuilt several parts of the province. Several ancient Doric temples were built during the 6th and 5th centuries BC in order to worship Hercules, Jupiter Olympian, Juno, Castor, Pollux and Demeter. They are located in the Valley of the Temples (Italian: Valle dei Templi). The ancient temples and other architectural structures were built using the stones of the hills near Capo San Marco.


The most important cities are Agrigento (the capital), Sciacca, Canicattì, Favara, Licata, Porto Empedocle. Agrigento is the birthplace of the well-known writer Luigi Pirandello and the philosopher Empedocle. According to government records, the number of unemployed is around 17% of the total workforce. The province faces the Sicilian Channel to the south and is known for its beaches. The beaches of Torre Salsa have been designated as nature reserves and are protected by their environmental importance.

Wine production

The province is famous for its vineyards and wines. The total area covered by vineyards in 1984 was almost triple that of 1949. During this period, Marsala-based wine merchants used the grapes produced in the province to produce Marsala wine. In 1984 the local government passed a law that regulated this practice. About three quarters of the Sicilian land dedicated to the cultivation of the Fiano grape is found in the province. Some of the important towns known for their vineyards include Sambuca di Sicilia, Menfi and Santa Margherita di Belice.


The road network of the province includes 540 km. of roads, 1.000 km. of provincial roads, 260 km. of municipal roads and 56 km. of regional roads. 55% of the total railway network is suitable for electric trains.

Source: Wikipedia
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