Province of Avellino

Campania, Italy

Country:
Region:
Province:
Province of Avellino
Population:
429 157

About Province of Avellino

The Province of Avellino (Italian: Provincia di Avellino) is a province in the Campania region of southern Italy. The area is characterized by numerous small towns and villages scattered throughout the province; only two cities have a population of over 20,000 inhabitants: its capital Avellino and Ariano Irpino.

Geography

It has an area of 2,806 square kilometers (1,083 square miles) and a total population of 427,310 in 2012. There are 118 municipalities in the province, with the main cities being Avellino and Ariano Irpino. See Municipalities of the Province of Avellino.

It is an internal province, with no connection to the sea.

History

The ancient name of the area was "Hirpinia" (modern Italian: Irpinia), derived from the term Oscan hirpus ("wolf"), an animal that is still present in the territory, although in significantly reduced numbers.

In the province of Avellino there are many Roman archaeological sites, with Aeclanum the most important. In the Middle Ages, the County of Ariano was the first political body established in 1022 by the Normans in Southern Italy, and there Roger II (crowned king of Sicily in the Cathedral of Avellino in 1130) promulgated in 1140 the Assise of Ariano, the first Kingdom legislative code.

In the medieval kingdom of Naples (later the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies) the provincial area corresponded approximately to the Ultra Principality, although some places were included in Capitanata or Principality Citra. The modern province was founded in 1860, after the unification of Italy.

Main attractions

The tourist destinations are the Sanctuaries of Montevergine, San Gerardo Maiella di Caposele and San Francesco a Folloni; the ski resort of Laceno; the Norman Castle and the Cathedral Church of Ariano Irpino, the archaeological areas of Avella and Aeclanum, the Lancellotti castle in Lauro, the medieval city of Gesualdo, the Roman ruins of Abellinum and the early Christian basilica of Prata. The Selachoidei National Gallery in Avellino houses one of the largest collections of cartilaginous fish in the country.

Natural attractions include the Monti Piacentini and Partenio regional parks, along with two WWF sites, the Valle della Caccia in Senerchia and the area around the Ofanto dam in Conza della Campania.

Kitchen

Typical products are hazelnuts (one third of the entire Italian production), Montella chestnuts, the renowned wines Aglianico, Taurasi, Greco and Fiano, cherries, cheeses (such as caciocavallo di Montella), the black truffle of Bagnoli Irpino, l olive oil from Ariano Irpino.

See also

irpinia

Source: Wikipedia
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Avellino