Province of Brindisi
About Province of Brindisi
The Province of Brindisi (Italian: Provincia di Brindisi) is a province in the Puglia region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Brindisi. It has an area of 1,839 square kilometers (710 square miles) and a total population of 401,652 (2013).
The Province of Brindisi is located in south-eastern Italy, covering 1,839 square kilometers (710 square miles), the second smallest province in the region after the Province of Barletta-Andria-Trani. It was founded in 1927 by the ancient Terra d'Otranto. With the Adriatic Sea to the east, it borders the province of Bari to the north, the province of Taranto to the west and the province of Lecce to the south-east. The northern, central and western parts are hilly with many woods, with the Murgia hills of particular note, while in the north-west, on the border with the provinces of Taranto and Bari, it is low, with the Valle d'Itria (Valle d'Itria). The maximum height reached within the province is 414 meters (1,358 feet) above sea level, near Selva di Fasano. The other peaks are slightly lower and are all located in the central-northern area. The coast of the province is 80,606 kilometers (50,086 mi) long, partly rocky, with many alternating stretches of sandy beaches, small ports and bays. To the south it is essentially flat and widely used for crops.
The province, according to the Geological Map of Italy, prepared by the Geological Survey of Italy, is composed of various types of land: in the central-southern area there is a predominance of Dolomite limestone (generally present in the area inhabited by the Murgia plateau) , small eluvial deposits, sand, clay, gray marshes (around Francavilla Fontana, Oria and San Donaci), chalk and limestone, including solid bioclastic limestones and chalky sandstone.
In the central-northern part, in particular Bari and Mola, the limestone comes from the late Cretaceous period and deposits of limestone and sandstone date back to the Pleistocene. There are no significant rivers, due to the karst terrain, but there are many springs that flow producing small streams. As for the waterways, the longest is the Canale Reale, which flows into the territory of Villa Castelli, on the border with Francavilla Fontana, and flows into the Torre Guaceto Nature Reserve. Furthermore, along the coast there are numerous ponds and small fresh water lakes, fed by underground aquifers.
In 1861, the province had a total population of 114,790 which has steadily grown until 2001 when there were 402,422 inhabitants. It has been more or less static since 2002 when there were 401,534 inhabitants, rising to 403,163 in 2010 but falling back to 401,867 in 2011. In 2010, only 7,437 foreigners resided in the province (1.8% of the total) .
There are 20 municipalities (Italian: comune) in the province:
Surrounded by vineyards, artichokes and olive groves, the city of Brindisi is an important sailing port for the southern part of Italy. In modern times, the province has undergone a process of change in its economic structure, with a progressive reduction in the weight of industry and growth in the tertiary sector. It has witnessed a significant increase in tourism, thanks to a good infrastructure, as well as the growth of its artistic and culinary resources .
In 2011, the main sectors of activity in the province were trade (30%), agriculture (27%) and construction (13%), which together represent 70% of the economy. The number of enterprises rose to a maximum of 38,435 in 2005, but then fell to 37,304 in 2011. Of these, 8,453 were active in agriculture, mainly in agricultural production with small percentages in the areas of livestock, agricultural support and mixed agriculture
In addition to Brindisi, Oria, with its 13th century castle built by Federico II, is one of the main attractions of the province. Ostuni, still protected by the city walls, is known for its citadel, its cathedral and numerous dwellings .
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Brindisi