Province of Campobasso

Molise, Italy

Country:
Region:
Province:
Province of Campobasso
Population:
226 419

About Province of Campobasso

The Province of Campobasso (Italian: Provincia di Campobasso; Molise dialect: Pru├Čnge de Cambu├ásce) is a province in the Molise region of southern Italy. Its capital is the city of Campobasso.

It covers an area of c. 2,941 square kilometers (1,136 square miles) and has a total population of 223,871 (2017). There are 84 municipalities (Italian: comune) in the province (see Municipalities of the Province of Campobasso).

The eastern part of the province is home to a small Croatian minority who speaks an archaic dialect of the Croatian language. The Croats mainly reside in Acquaviva Collecroce, San Felice and Montemitro.

History

The Samnites, a group of Sabellian tribes, dominated this region of Italy, including Campania, around 600 BC. to 290 BC Following the war against Rome in 343 BC, in 290 BC the territory of the ancient Sannio region (whose central area is located in the current province of Campobasso) has been included in the Regio Romano IV Samnium. In 570, following an invasion of the Lombards, the territory was annexed to the Lombard duchy of Benevento, with consequent reduction of the properties and assets of the ecclesiastical bishops of Bojano, Saepinum, Venafro, Trivento, Isernia, Larino and Larino. and Termoli. Following frequent changes of ownership, the Lombards called the city Campus Vassorum (territory of Vassals) which later became Campobasso. The feudal lords acquired more and more power at the expense of the church. The principality of Capua, founded in 860, included the counties of Venafro, Larino, Trivento, Bojano, Isernia, Campomarino and Termoli. Hugues I de Molise, count of Bojano and Norman feudal lord of Mulhouse (hence the name of Molise), implemented a policy to restore the old borders in the territories of Sannio in 1053 and finally, thanks to his successor, Hugues II de Molise , Molise was created independently around 1128.

With the advent of the Neapolitan Republic, a new administrative organization was established, divided into departments consisting of cantons. The Sangro department was divided into 16 cantons: Lanciano, Ortona, Palena, Atessa, Pescocostanzo, Castel di Sangro, Agnone, Baranello, Campobasso, La Riccia, Trivento, Larino, Termoli, Serra Capriola, Dragonara and Vasto. On September 27, 1806, after the French occupation, Molise became an autonomous province made up of the districts of Campobasso and Isernia, to which the districts of Larino and Agnone were added. Following a constitutional change in December 1963 the province of Campobasso was detached from Abruzzo, given the status of Region, and renamed Molise. The situation remained unchanged until 1970 when 52 municipalities were detached to form the Province of Isernia, established under the law n. 2 of February 1970.

Geography

The province of Campobasso is located in eastern Italy on the Adriatic coast. It borders to the north with the province of Chieti in Abruzzo, to the south-east with the province of Foggia in Puglia, to the south with the province of Benevento and the province of Caserta in Campania, and to the west with the province of Isernia. The terrain is varied and extends from the mountainous Apennines, through hills, lakes and rivers of the hinterland to the Adriatic coast. The territory is crossed by the river valleys of the Trigno (85 km), Biferno (84 km) and Fortore (110 km), flanked by hills and mountains. Other noteworthy rivers are the Tammaro (78 km), the Saccione (33 km), the Sinarca (26 km) and the Sassinora (7 km). All flow into the Adriatic with the exception of the Tammaro. The central Biferno Valley includes Guardialfiera Lake, 7.45 km2 (2.88 square miles), east of Castelmauro. The other noteworthy lake is Lake Occhito south-east of Sant'Elia a Pianisi. The provincial capital of Campobasso is located in the south of the province, north of the Matese mountains, one of the three main mountain ranges of the Molise region. On the coast, the main cities are Termoli and Campomarino.

Demography

The population of the province increased between 1861 when there were 229,393 inhabitants and 1951 when it amounted to 289,577. In the following 20 years it returned to 227,641 (1971), after which it returned to 238,958 in 1991. Since then it has undergone a slight reduction to 225,622 inhabitants in 2016. Since 1 January 2014, the most populous municipalities (municipalities ) of the province are Campobasso (49,392), Termoli (33,478), Bojano (8,125), Campomarino (7,723), Larino (6,910), Montenero di Bisaccia (6,798), Guglionesi (5,422), Riccia (5,332), San Martino in Pensilis (4,827) and Trivento (4,788).

Source: Wikipedia
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Campobasso