Province of Caserta

Campania, Italy

Province of Caserta
904 921

About Province of Caserta

The Province of Caserta (Italian: Provincia di Caserta) is a province of Campania, in Italy. Its capital is the city of Caserta, located approximately 36 kilometers (22 miles) from the road north of Naples. The province has an area of 2,651.35 square kilometers (1,023.69 square miles) and a total population of 924,414 as of 2016. The Royal Palace of Caserta is located near the city, a former royal residence built for the Bourbon kings of Naples. It was the largest palace and one of the largest buildings erected in Europe during the 18th century. In 1997, the palace was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


The province of Caserta in the historic region of Terra di Lavoro, also known as Liburia, covered the largest extension of the territory around the 13th century when it extended from the Tyrrhenian Sea and the islands of Ponza and Ventotene to the Apennines and south end of the Roveto valley. In the Kingdom of Naples and in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, Caserta was one of the most important departments of southern Italy.

The first capital of the region was the ancient city of Capua until 1818, then Caserta. In addition to Naples, the most important centers were Caserta, Capua, Nola, Gaeta, Sora, Aversa, Teano and Isola Liri. In 1816, during the French occupation, Joseph Bonaparte reformed the territorial division of the kingdom of Naples, on the basis of the French model. A series of royal decrees completed the reforms, introducing local or common administrative units such as the French ones. The new Napoleonic reforms led to the establishment of the Province of Naples. In 1863, after the annexation of the Kingdom of Italy, the north-eastern municipalities of Terra di Lavoro became part of the province of Campobasso, and Venafro and the surrounding areas were subsequently transferred to the province of Isernia, established in 1870. In 1927, Benito Mussolini decided to dissolve the province of Terra di Lavoro, joining much of its territory and the Pontine Islands to the province of Naples, although the municipalities near Piedimonte and Alife were distributed between the provinces of Benevento and Campobasso and the districts di Sora and Gaeta went to the province of Rome. In 1945, a decree signed by Umberto di Savoia reconstituted the Province of Caserta, and finally in 1970, the modern province was established.


The territory of the Province of Caserta, located in the south-western part of central Italy, is delimited to the north by the Matese mountains belonging to the Apennines and by undulating hills, to the south and west by plains of various types. To the northeast, near the Matese mountains is Lake Matese. The highest point is Monte Miletto at 2,050 m (6,730 feet), divided between Campania and Molise. The karst massif is rich in water and minerals and contains numerous caves and mountain lakes. Other noteworthy mountainous areas are Monte Santa Croce, with the extinct volcano of Roccamonfina, on the border with Lazio, the Trebulani Mountains, in the central part of the province to the north including Monte Maggiore which reaches 1,036 m (3,399 feet), and the Tifatini Mountains to the south. The Volturno river flows through the center of the province with a defensive outpost in Capua. The southern highlands of Caserta border the province of Benevento.


There are 104 municipalities (singular: municipality) in the province:

Source: Wikipedia
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