Province of Catanzaro

Calabria, Italy

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Province of Catanzaro
Population:
359 841

About Province of Catanzaro

The province of Catanzaro (Italian: province of Catanzaro; Catanzarese: pruvincia and Catanzaru) is a province of the Calabria region in Italy. The city of Catanzaro is both the provincial capital and the capital of the Calabria region. The province contains a total of 80 municipalities (municipalities). Its provincial president is Vincent Bruno.

It contains the Isthmus of Catanzaro between Sant'Eufemia and the Gulf of Squillace. It borders with the provinces of Crotone (formed by it in 1996), Cosenza, Reggio Calabria and Vibo Valentia, and also borders with the Ionian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea, respectively to the east and west.

History

After the last ice age, Stone Age hunter-gatherers lived in this area. Around 3,500 BC they turned to agriculture and started settling in villages. In the 9th and 8th centuries BC, the Greeks began to colonize the coastal regions of Calabria, calling the area Magna Grecia. They brought with them their Hellenic civilization and the olives, figs and vines that are grown today in the province.

In the third century BC, the Greeks were conquered by tribes of northern Italy, including a branch of the Samnites called Bruttii. They established their sovereignty over today's Calabria and founded new cities, including their capital "Consentia", now known as Cosenza. After their victory in the Piric War (280–275 BC), the Romans occupied Calabria and the region remained under their control until the fifth century AD.

After the Visigoths overthrew the Romans, an unstable period followed for Calabria. However, in the mid-sixth century, the Byzantine Empire was in control of southern Italy. The city of Catanzaro was founded by the Byzantines during the 10th century. The city, on top of a hill above the Gulf of Squilis, was called Katanrzarion or Catasarion because they derive from the Greek words for "terrace" and "below"; terrace farming took place in the province. The city was fortified in 1055 and a castle was built; this allowed him to resist French invasion attempts lasting four months in 1528.

The area of the Sila plateau towards the Ionian Sea was inhabited by Albanian immigrants in the period 1448-1535. They formed an ethnic minority and created communities known as Greek Sila (Greek Sila).

Geography

The province of Catanzaro is one of the five provinces of the Calabria region. To the south and east, the province has a coast on the Ionian Sea and, to the north-west, a coast on the Tyrrhenian Sea. The province of Cosenza is located in the north and the province of Crotone in the east. To the south west are the provinces of Vibo Valentia and Reggio Calabria. The provincial capital and the regional capital is the city of Catanzaro.

The province occupies both sides of the Calabrian Apennines and has a total area of 5,200 square kilometers (2,000 square miles). The central part of the province is the isthmus of Catanzaro, a 30 km (19 miles) long and narrow valley that connects the north and south parts of the coast, the Gulf of Squillace and the Gulf of Sant'Eufemia; it is the narrowest part of the whole Italian peninsula. Other parts of the province are mainly mountainous, with steep valleys formed by short rivers. The Ampollino river on the border with the province of Crotone is seized to form the Ampollino lake.

The eastern part of the province is part of the Sila plateau, at about 1,200 m (3,900 feet) above sea level, which covers approximately 2,000 square kilometers (770 square miles) of territory along the central part of Calabria. The highest point is Botte Donato, which reaches 1,928 meters (6,325 feet). There are numerous lakes surrounded by dense coniferous forests. The province includes a large part of the Sila National Park, a wild area with rough meadows and forests of pine, oak, beech and fir trees.

Transport

The main transport hub of the province is the central city of Lamezia Terme, located next to the A2 Salerno-Reggio Calabria motorway. From here, the SS.288 State Route leads to Catanzaro. The city is located on the main line that leads from Reggio Calabria to Naples and is an important terminal for freight traffic. The secondary branches connect to Catanzaro and Crotone. Near Lamezia Terme is the main airport of Calabria, the International Airport of Lamezia Terme.

crime

Since 2009, several people have been arrested in the provinces of Catanzaro, Crotone and Reggio Calabria in connection with various crimes; the alleged crimes include insurance fraud, the sale of bogus securities, fraud in relation to subsidies and subsidies, collusion with the Mafia, counterfeiting, irregularities in the procurement procedures, extortion, murder, electoral fraud, drug supply and intimidation.

See also

Municipalities of the Province of Catanzaro

Source: Wikipedia
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Catanzaro