Province of Cosenza

Calabria, Italy

Country:
Region:
Province:
Province of Cosenza
Population:
714 030

About Province of Cosenza

The province of Cosenza (Italian: province of Cosenza; Cosentiano: pruvincia i Cusenze) is a province in the Calabria region of southern Italy. Its capital is the city of Cosenza. It contains 150 municipalities, listed in the list of municipalities in the Province of Cosenza.

The province of Cosenza contains an Occitan-speaking community (also known as Langue d'oc) in the Piedmontese Guard: it was formed by members of the Vaud or Waldensian movement, who moved to Cosenza to avoid religious persecution in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Many of the Albanians of Arbëreshë in Italy have lived in the province since they arrived in the 16th century to escape the religious persecution waged by the Ottoman Empire.

History

The first traces of human settlement in the area date back to the early Paleolithic period. These sites include the Romito Cave in Papasidero, including murals of bovids.

Cosenza began as a settlement of the Italic Bruttii tribe and became their capital before the Romans invaded the area. The city was conquered by the Romans in 204 BC. and was called Cosentia. Starting from the 8th century BC, the current provincial area became part of the so-called Greater Greece. The Greek cities, including Sibari and Pandosia, were mainly located in the coastal area and at the foot of the Pollino massif.

The Visigoth king Alaric I conquered the region during the later stages of the Western Roman Empire and according to legend, Alaric I was buried in Cosenza together with a great treasure. Cosenza subsequently fell under the dominion of the Byzantine Empire for a short period of time, before being conquered by the Lombards, as part of the Duchy of Benevento. Roger II of Sicily became the capital of Jordanian land in the 12th century.

In modern times, as part of the Kingdom of Naples and later of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, the province remained mostly a rural area dedicated to agriculture and animal husbandry. Feudalism was abolished only in the 19th century. The area was also home to several forms of brigandage over the centuries.

Source: Wikipedia
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Cosenza