Province of Cremona

Lombardy, Italy

Country:
Region:
Province:
Province of Cremona
Population:
357 623

About Province of Cremona

The Province of Cremona (Italian: Cremona province; Cremunés: pruvìncia de Cremùna; Cremasco: pruìnsa de Cremùna; Casalasco-Viadanese: pruvìncia ad Cramòna) is a province of the Lombardy region in Italy. Its capital is Cremona.

The province occupies the central section of the Po valley, so the whole territory is flat, without mountains or hills, crossed by numerous rivers, such as the Serio and the Adda, and artificial canals, most of which are used for irrigation .

The river Po, which is the longest Italian river, is the natural border with the adjacent province of Piacenza, while the Oglio separates the province from Brescia.

History

Lombardy has been inhabited since ancient times and cave drawings and artefacts from the Stone Age and the Bronze Age have been found there. From the fifth century BC, the Gallic tribes invaded and settled in the region, building several cities (including Milan) and ruling the land up to the Adriatic sea. Starting from the third century BC the Romans expanded their sphere of influence in the area and, in 194 BC, the whole of present-day Lombardy, became a Roman province called Gallia Cisalpina. The Romans overwhelmed the previous civilizations and Lombardy has become one of the richest and best developed areas in Italy. He was here in 313 AD. that the Roman emperor Constantine the Great published the famous edict of Milan which gave freedom of religion to all the peoples of the Roman Empire.

Following the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, Lombardy was invaded by successive waves of tribes, the last of which were the Germanic Lombards at the end of the 6th century. Stability followed until 774, when the Frankish king Charlemagne conquered the area and annexed the kingdom of the Lombards (most of northern and central Italy) to his empire.

Geography

The province of Cremona is a long and relatively narrow part of the Po Valley in northern Italy, the outline of which is limited by rivers. The province is oriented from north-west to south-east. To the west of the province is the province of Lodi, to the north-west is the province of Milan, to the north is the province of Bergamo, to the east is the province of Brescia and to the south-east is the province of Mantua. The region of Emilia-Romagna is located in the south, Cremona borders with the Province of Reggio Emilia, the Province of Parma and the Province of Piacenza.

Numerous rivers flow through the Lombard plain to join the Po river which runs along the southern border of the province. The Adda river separates Cremona from the province of Lodi and the Oglio river forms the border with the province of Mantua. Other rivers in the north of the province include the Serio river and the Tormo river, and the Mella river forms a short stretch of the border with the province of Brescia. These rivers are connected by a network of canals that have existed since at least the 16th century and are widely used for irrigation. The Muzza canal takes water from the Adda river and irrigates the land between that river and the Ticino river, converting the plain into a fertile area with rich meadows and productive agricultural land.

The total area of the province is 600 square miles (1,600 km2). Although the province is essentially flat, there are some undulations in the surface formed by the various rivers courses over the millennia. For historical reasons, the province is divided into four rural districts, centered around Crema, Soresina, Cremona and Casalmaggiore. To the north, some streams emerge from the ground in the "source line", a phenomenon of the northern Lombard plain, where the melt water from the Alps flows underground through porous gravelly soils before being forced to the surface when it reaches impermeable, soil clay.

The climate is largely uniform throughout the province. Annual rainfall is approximately 750 mm (30 inches) with October and November the wettest months and February and July the driest. The average temperature is 1.7 ° C (35 ° F) in January and

24.3 ° C (76 ° F) in July. There is often fog in winter, especially near rivers.

Economy and culture

The main economic resources of the province of Cremona are agricultural. Rice is grown with the help of water from the canals. Other crops include corn (maize), locally called Melegot and barley and, to a lesser extent, soy and sugar beet. Grapes are grown and produced from wine, and there is also a silk industry. Farms in the province are among the most productive in the country. Other industries are quite developed, mainly in the northern area, near Crema, where there are textile, chemical and mechanical factories.

Source: Wikipedia
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Cremona