Province of Crotone
About Province of Crotone
The province of Crotone (Italian: province of Crotone) is a province in the Calabria region of southern Italy. It was established in 1992 by a section of the province of Catanzaro. The provincial capital is the city of Crotone. It borders with the provinces of Cosenza, Catanzaro and also the Ionian Sea. It contains the Pizzuta mountain, the Sila National Park, the Montagnella Park and the Giglietto Valley. Crotone was founded in 710 BC. He participated in the second Punic war against the Roman Republic.
The province contains 27 municipalities (singular: municipality), listed in the municipalities of the Province of Crotone.
The area around Capo Colonna, the easternmost point of the province, has revealed numerous archaeological remains of settlements from the Stone Age, with large quantities of Neolithic pottery found. The Greeks settled on the Calabrian coasts during the 8th and 7th centuries BC. and the city of Crotone was founded, under the name of Kroton, by the Greek Achaeans around 710 BC. It has grown to become a city of 50,000 to 80,000 inhabitants around 500 BC. The wrestler Milo of Crotone was born in Crotone during the sixth century BC. and the city had a great reputation for athletic prowess having produced many Olympic champions. Pythagoras moved to Crotone in 530 BC. about, and at that time there was also a medical school in the region. It flourished as an important port and conquered the city of Sibari under the command of Milo. Pyrrhus of Epirus then controlled the city until it fell under the dominion of the Roman Republic. The city of Crotone participated in the Second Punic War, in which it rebelled and fought against its rulers of the Roman Republic.
The province of Crotone was formed in 1992 from land that had previously been part of the province of Catanzaro.
The province of Crotone is one of the four provinces of the Calabria region in southern Italy. To the north-west is the province of Cosenza and to the south-west is the province of Catanzaro. To the south and east, the province has a coast on the Gulf of Taranto, part of the Mediterranean Sea.
The north-western part of Crotone is part of the Sila plateau and includes part of the Sila National Park, a wild wild area that has open moors and forests of pine, oak, beech and fir trees. In mountain areas chestnuts and olives are grown and most of the province is a lowland agricultural area with citrus orchards and vineyards. The rivers are short and many dry up in the summer.
Crotone has a long history and many interesting features. The cathedral originated from the 9th to the 11th century AD. but it has undergone many changes to its architecture over the years. The 16th century castle of Charles V houses the local museum, but an older castle is located on an island just offshore and can only be reached on foot. Near the city are the remains of the Greek temple of Hera Lacinia, once the most important temple of Magna Grecia. [self-published source?]
The historic city of Santa Severina dates back to the 9th century BC. when the Enotri, an ancient Italian tribe, inhabited the region. Later it became an important Byzantine commercial center. It is built on the top of a steep hill with the castle on the top. The castle is one of the best preserved Norman structures in the region and today houses the Archaeological Museum of Castles and Fortifications in Calabria. In the main square is the Cathedral of Santa Anastasia, which dates back to 1274, and nearby is the Baptistery, a fine example of Byzantine architecture from the seventh to the ninth century, and probably the oldest structure of its kind in Calabria. On the other side of the castle is the 11th century church of Santo Filomena, another beautiful Byzantine building. [self-published source?]
Pallagorio is another ancient city. The "Grotta di San Maurizio" was occupied in the Neolithic, the Greek colonists settled here around the seventh century BC, as well as the Roman colonists several centuries later, and traces of their villas remain near the river. In medieval times, the village located here became known as "San Giovanni in Palagorio". It now has many interesting churches and chapels.
Umbriatico was founded by the Oenotrians before Greek colonists arrived in this district and founded nearby Kroton. It is located on a rocky hill and accessible via a bridge over the river. During the Second Punic War it had a defensive wall, but this did not prevent the Romans from assaulting it and massacring the citizens. The Cathedral of San Donato has a crypt that was originally a Greek temple, with Doric columns.
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Crotone
Map of Province of Crotone, Calabria, Italy
- Belvedere di Spinello
- Cirò Marina
- Isola di Capo Rizzuto
- Petilia Policastro
- Rocca di Neto
- San Mauro Marchesato
- San Nicola dell'Alto
- Santa Severina