Province of Ferrara
About Province of Ferrara
The province of Ferrara (Italian: Ferrara province) is a province of the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. Its provincial capital is the city of Ferrara. As of 2016, it has a population of 354,238 inhabitants over an area of 2,635.12 square kilometers (1,017.43 square miles). Contains 23 municipalities, listed in the list of municipalities in the Province of Ferrara. Its president is Tiziano Tagliani.
The province of Ferrara is believed to have been inhabited for the first time by the Romans on the "Alieni Forum" site, although the remains of the coastal port of Spina were found near Comacchio by archaeologists. Ferrara was mentioned for the first time when the Lombards conquered the Germanic tribe in 753 AD. and the Byzantine Empire lost dominion over the city. It was donated to the Holy See by the Franks in 754 or 756 AD, and was led by the Bishops of Ravenna. Benedictine and Cistercian monasteries began to claim the lands of Podeltan in the 9th century.
In 1055, the partially independent city of Fererra received imperial powers, but was led by Matilde of Tuscany from 1101 and Frederick I, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1158. The members of the Casa d'Este took control of the city during the 13th century and formed a university in Ferrara in 1391. The walls were built around the perimeter of Ferrara in the 15th and 16th centuries. It joined the Papal States in 1598. Its citadel was occupied by the Austrians in 1831 after the formation of the Italian United Provinces and the Austrians occupied the city in 1847. On June 21, 1859 the Austrians left the city of Ferrara and was able to join to the Kingdom of Italy.
In 1921, Italo Balbo joined the newly created national fascist party and soon became a secretary of the fascist organization in Ferrara. He started organizing fascist gangs and formed his own group. They broke strikes for local landowners and attacked communists and socialists in the region. His success in Ferrara set in motion the rapid rise of fascism in northern Italy and played an important role in transforming fascism into a major political movement.
The province of Ferarra is one of the nine provinces of the Emilia-Romagna region in north-eastern Italy. It is the northernmost province of the region overlooking the Adriatic Sea. The Province of Rovigo in Veneto is located immediately to the north and the Province of Mantua in Lombardy to the north-west. To the west are the Province of Modena and the Province of Bologna, while the Province of Ravenna is located to the south. The provincial capital is the city of Ferrara, which is located on a branch of the River Po approximately 50 km (31 mi) north-east of Bologna.
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Ferrara