Province of Foggia

Apulia, Italy

Country:
Region:
Province:
Province of Foggia
Population:
626 072

About Province of Foggia

Foggia (UK: / ˈfɒdʒə /, US: / ˈfoʊdʒə /, Italian: (listen); Foggiano: Fògge ) is a city and municipality in Puglia, in southern Italy, capital of the province of Foggia. In 2013, its population was 153,143. Foggia is the main city of a plain called Tavoliere, also known as the "granary of Italy".

History

The name "Foggia" could derive from the Latin "fovea", which means "well", in reference to the wells where the grain was stored. The etymology of the name remains uncertain, however, since it could also derive from "Phocaea", or most likely from the medieval Greek word for "fire", which is "fotia", as according to legend, the original -11 ° -c-AD the colonists were farmers, presumably after having discovered a panel depicting the Madonna there, on which three flames were burning.

The area had been colonized since the Neolithic era, and later a Greek colony known as Argos Hippium existed nearby (in Greek, Ἀργόριππα or Ἀργύριπποι).

However, the first document attesting to the existence of the modern city dates back to 1000 AD. around, during the catepanic era of the Byzantine sovereignty. The area remained marshy and unhealthy, until Robert Guiscard directed the drainage of the wetlands, promoting the economic and social growth of the city. The city was the seat of Enrico, count of Monte Sant'Angelo in the last twenty years of the eleventh century. In the twelfth century, William II of Sicily built a cathedral here and further enlarged the settlement.

Federico II built a palace in Foggia in 1223, where he often stayed. It was also home to his court and a studium, including prominent figures such as the mathematician and scholar Michael Scot, but little remains. In 1447, King Alfonso V of Aragon built a custom palace to tax local sheep farmers. This caused a decline in the local economy and the progressive ruin of the land, which again became swampy. In 1456 an earthquake struck Foggia, followed by others in 1534, 1627 and 1731, the last one that destroyed a third of the city. The House of Bourbon promoted some economic growth by promoting the agriculture of Capitanata cereals and rebuilding much of the settlement.

In the 19th century, Foggia received a railway station and important public monuments. Citizens also took part in the riots that led to annexation to Italy in 1861. In 1865, there was a definitive transition from the custom of sheep breeding in favor of an agricultural economy.

The historical lack of water resources was resolved with the construction of the Apulian aqueduct in 1924, when Foggia was already an important link between the north and south of Italy.

During the Second World War, Foggia heavily bombed the allied air forces for its important airports and marshalling yards. After the armistice of Cassibile on September 8, 1943, the city was briefly occupied by German troops in Operation Achse. There was some fighting there during the Allied invasion of Italy. In response to the Allied advance towards them, the German troops occupying Foggia left the city on September 27th. By October 1, British troops had successfully occupied the city. To free the Germans from the hills north and west of the plain of Fogia and reach the Vinchiaturo-Termoli road near the Biferno river, the British general Montgomery sent his 13th British Corps over Foggia on a trip to two divisions, the 78th division (sometimes known as "the battle ax division" ) moved on the coastal road to Termoli and the first Canadian division hit the hinterland through the mountains. He followed the 5th Corps, protecting the west flank and the rear. The first German parachute division had largely withdrawn into the Biferno river near Termoli and had dug there. Based on Foggia, the British launched Operation Devon and managed to steal the Nazi German forces from Termoli.

In 1959 and 2006, Foggia received, respectively, the gold medal for civil and military value for its role in the Second World War.

Geography

Climate

Foggia has a dry summer, warm Mediterranean climate. The winter days are generally between 15-16 ° C but can be cool as single figures. Low temperatures are generally above freezing, but frosts are experienced a handful of times a year. Summers are very hot, with temperatures in July and August often reaching 33–38 ° C (91–100 ° F). Temperatures exceed 40 ° C (104 ° F) a handful of times a decade. The extremes are -10.4 ° C (13 ° F) on January 8, 1985 and 47 ° C (117 ° F) - the highest temperature recorded in Italy and one of the highest recorded in Europe - on June 25, 2007 .

Government

Main attractions

Source: Wikipedia
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foggia