Province of Forlì-Cesena

Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Country:
Region:
Province:
Province of Forlì-Cesena
Population:
390 738

About Province of Forlì-Cesena

The province of Forlì-Cesena (Italian: province of Forlì-Cesena) is a province of the Emilia-Romagna region in Italy. Its capital is the city of Forlì. The province has a population of 394,273 as of 2016 over an area of 2,378.4 square kilometers (918.3 square miles). It contains 30 municipalities and the provincial president is Davide Drei. Although located near the independent Republic of San Marino, Forlì-Cesena does not share a land border with the sovereign state.

History

Forlì was founded by the Roman consul Marco Livio Salinatore and was connected to the Via Emilia in 188 BC. In the XII century AD it had become a common Ghibelline and a military garrison. The Holy See began a small attempt to govern Forlì in 1278, but the Ordelaffi family led the city from 1315 to 1480. The city was later ruled by Girolamo Riario and his wife, Caterina Sforza; during this period, the Holy See attempted to regain control but was unsuccessful. The Spaniard Pope Alexander VI ordered his son Cesare Borgia, Duke of Valentino, Forlì and other municipalities in the region; Borgia successfully gained control of Forlì in 1500, but lost it in 1503, after the death of Alexander VI. Until the formation of the Kingdom of Italy, it remained under the dominion of the Holy See.

Cesena was owned for the first time by the Romans until the fall of Rome, when it was taken by the Byzantine empire. Subsequently, it was owned by the archbishops of Ravenna. During the period of conflict between Guelphs and Ghibellines, the Holy See took control of Cesena from the Ordelaffi. The troops of Antipope Clement VII almost completely destroyed Cesena in 1377 and the Pope handed over the city to the Malatesta house. After the Casa di Malatesta controlled the city from 1378 to 1465, the Holy See regained control of Cesena. Leonardo da Vinci designed the port of Cesenatico. It remained under papal rule until Italy was unified.

In 1921, there was a rapid advancement of the fascist movement in the region triggered by issues related to agrarian reform. The buildings belonging to the Republicans and the Socialists were seized or burned by Italo Balbo and on July 29, he and his men moved to the provinces of Ravenna and Forlì, burning every headquarters of a socialist organization in a night of terror that later it was called "pillar of fire". This was a crucial moment in the advance of fascism in northern Italy.

Geography

The province of Forlì-Cesena is one of the nine provinces of the Emilia-Romagna region in north-eastern Italy. Together with that of Rimini, it is the southernmost of the provinces of the region and overlooks the Adriatic Sea for a short distance. The Province of Ravenna is located immediately to the north and the Province of Mantua in Lombardy to the north-west. To the west is the Metropolitan City of Florence in the Tuscany region, the Province of Arezzo, also in Tuscany, is located in the south and the Province of Rimini is located in the south-east. The provincial capital is the city of Forlì, which is located on the bank of the Montone river about 70 km south-east of Bologna.

Twin cities

Beijing-Dongcheng District, China, since 2012

Source: Wikipedia
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Forl%C3%AC-Cesena