Province of Frosinone

Latium, Italy

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Region:
Province:
Province of Frosinone
Population:
492 661

About Province of Frosinone

The Province of Frosinone (Italian: Provincia di Frosinone) is a province of the Lazio region in Italy, with 91 municipalities (singular: comune; see Municipalities of the Province of Frosinone). Its capital is the city of Frosinone. It has an area of 3,247 square kilometers (1,254 square miles) and a total population of 493,605 (2016).

The Province was established by royal decree on December 6, 1926 with territories belonging to Lazio and Campania. The Campania areas were the left valley of the Liri-Garigliano river, the district of Sora, the Comino valley, the district of Cassino, the Gulf of Formia and Gaeta, the Pontine islands, which until then had been included for centuries in the Province. called Terra di Lavoro, of the Kingdom of Naples (or of the Two Sicilies).

Main common

As of December 31, 2014, the main municipalities by population are:

History

The first traces of human presence in the provincial territory date back to prehistory: a famous Homo erectus skull (Homo cepranensis, in the prehistoric museum of Pofi), dating back to 800,000 years ago, constitutes the oldest discovery of the Homo species in Europe.

In historical times (10th-9th century BC), the area, previously occupied by the so-called Pelasgic civilization, was colonized by Indo-European settlers. This arrival is mentioned in numerous legends, such as those of Aeneas and Saturn. The latter, ousted from Olympus, is said to have come to Lazio to help men and found seven cities whose name begins with "A" (for example, Alatri and Anagni).

In the seventh century BC the area of what is now the province entered the orbit of Rome, which made it the so-called Latium adiectum ("Adjoined Lazio"). However, Rome took about 300 years to obtain a definitive victory against the Volsci and the Hernici. They were Romanized after the social and Samnite wars.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the northern part of the province (officially called Campagna from the 12th century ) belonged to the Papal States.

In the Middle Ages, the abbey of Monte Cassino was always a large landowner and a politically renowned element of the area. The south-eastern part was a border area that was long claimed by the other major powers of the time, the Ducati of Benevento and Gaeta and the County of Aversa: annexed to the Kingdom of Naples under the Normans (XII century), from the late 14th century it became part of the county and then, with an independent state, of the Duchy of Sora. Pontecorvo remained a papal enclave from 1463.

After the unification of Italy, in 1927 the fascist government made Frosinone the capital of a province which it unified different from that which belonged to the Papal and Neapolitan states. This action has raised criticism, as these states have been considered too different in history, language and culture, particularly by the Bourbon nostalgic party which has maintained a strong position in southern Italy for many decades.

The creation of a new province has been proposed, with capitals in Cassino, Formia and Sora and including the former territories of the Kingdom of Naples.

Source: Wikipedia
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Frosinone