Province of Isernia

Molise, Italy

Country:
Region:
Province:
Province of Isernia
Population:
87 241

About Province of Isernia

The province of Isernia (Italian: Provincia di Isernia) is a province in the Molise region of Italy. The provincial capital is the city of Isernia and the president of the province is Alfredo Ricci. The province of Isernia has an area of 1,535.24 square kilometers (592.76 square miles) and a population of 86,405 inhabitants as of 2016. Contains 52 municipalities (Italian: municipalities) in the province, listed in the municipalities in the province of Isernia.

History

Isernia was known as sesita in Esernia until it fell under Roman rule in 263 BC. The territory was given to Alczeco for his efforts against the Byzantines with his Bulgarian military, by the duchy of Benevento; most of this territory became Molise County. Throughout the ninth century the area was repeatedly plundered during the Muslim invasions and suffered an earthquake in 847; these destroyed the cities of Isernia and Venafro. Despite this, the city became a bishopric and obtained county status in 964. An archaeological discovery from 1979 near the city of Isernia found evidence of a settlement dating back to the Paleolithic era over 736,000 years ago.

In Molise county, the Benedictines formed the monastery of San Vincenzo al Volturno in the province of Isernia after the fall of Rome in 476. When the area was invaded by Muslims, 500 to 900 monks were beheaded by them and many were taken as slaves; despite this, the monastery continued to function and reached its peak during the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Pope Celestino V was born near Isernia and the feast of the province is May 19, the date of the canonization of Celestino V. An earthquake in 1805 destroyed the cathedral of Isernia, which was rebuilt on top of the ruins of the structure destroyed in 1837. [4 ]

Geography

The province of Isernia is a mainly mountainous area of central Italy, part of the Molise region. To the south-west the mountains decrease in height and the wooded hills give way to the plains around Venafro. To the north-east is the province of Campobasso, also part of Molise, and to the north the provinces of L'Aquila and Chieti, both in the Abruzzo region. To the west is the province of Frosinone in Lazio and to the south the province of Caserta in Campania.

There are four mountain ranges in the province and the Abruzzo National Park straddles the border with Abruzzo. The highest peak in the province is Monte Mare, 2020 meters (6,627 feet). The main rivers are the Volturno which flows into the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Trigno which flows into the Adriatic. The lake of Castel San Vincenzo is an artificial basin built to feed a hydroelectric scheme.

The economy of the region has traditionally been based on agriculture. The companies are mostly small and produce grapes, cereals, olives, vegetables, fruit and dairy products. Traditional products grown in the province include peas (Lathyrus sativus) and spelled, which is made from a specialized form of wheat. The Tintilia grapes are grown for the production of the region's red wine, the "Tintilia del Molise".

Source: Wikipedia
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Isernia