Province of Latina

Latium, Italy

Country:
Region:
Province:
Province of Latina
Population:
544 732

About Province of Latina

The Province of Latina (in Italian: Provincia di Latina) is a province-level local government area in the Italian Republic. It is one of the five provinces that make up the Lazio region. The provincial capital is the city of Latina. It borders with the provinces of Frosinone in the north-east and with the metropolitan city of Roma Capitale in the north-west.

It has an area of 2,251 square kilometers (869 square miles) and a population of 561,189 (2012). There are 33 municipalities (singular: comune) in the province

Subdivisions of the province

The most populous municipalities are:

History

The province of Latina was founded on 18 December 1934, mainly comprising the dried up areas of the Agro Pontino previously part of the province of Rome. In addition to the Pontine lands, it includes the Aurunci, Lepini and Ausoni mountain ranges, as well as the archipelago of the Pontine islands. The port of Gaeta and Formia, in the southernmost part of the province, traditionally and linguistically belonged to Campania.

Geography

Although the smallest of the provinces of Lazio, the province of Latina includes a variety of geographical and historical areas.

Hilly and mountainous areas

The continental area is, in the south and north-east part, occupied mainly by limestone hills and mountains. The intervals include Lepini, Aurunci, Ausoni. The highest altitude is that of Monte Petrella (Aurunci) of 1,533 meters (5,030 feet). The climate is semi-continental with hot summers and cold winters; temperatures rarely drop below 0 ° C (32 ° F). The mountains are characterized by small medieval settlements (villages) and traditionally live on cattle breeding and agriculture; however, these activities have seen a marked decline in recent times, and today workers usually go to work every day in Rome or Latina.

Tourism is an increasingly interesting resource, attracted above all by unspoiled nature and by the artistic traces of the Middle Ages (Abbeys of Valvisciolo and Fossanova, where St. Thomas Aquinas died). The main centers of this area are Cori, Sezze and Priverno.

Agro Pontino

The Agro Pontino occupies the plain that extends south from Aprilia to Terracina, along the Tyrrhenian Sea. Until the 1930s, it was covered in unhealthy swamps, which were dried up under fascist rule; the area as subsequently settled by immigrants from north-eastern Italy, in newly built cities such as Sabaudia or Latina itself. The only peak is that of the Circeo promontory. The climate is mild. The Agro Pontino is the most economically developed part of the province, which is home to a thriving agricultural sector and numerous companies and service industries. It also hosts most of the province's water basins, such as the coast of the lakes of Fogliano, Caprolace and Paola.

In addition to the capital, the main cities include Cisterna di Latina, Terracina, Sabaudia.

Formia and Gaeta

Cities rich in ancient and medieval history, Gaeta and Formia were traditionally part of the Kingdom of Naples. They belong to Campania until 1934. Traces of the different cultural environment can be identified in the customs and, above all, in the local dialect, a variant of the Neapolitan. Formia and Gaeta constitute a single metropolitan area with an important port (connected to the Pontine Islands), a station on the main Rome-Naples railway line. Other important centers include Sperlonga and Minturno.

Pontine islands

Once used mainly as penitentiaries, the Pontine Islands are now a popular tourist resort in the summer. The only inhabited islands are Ponza and Ventotene.

See also

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Gaeta # Province of Latina

Source: Wikipedia
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Latina