Province of Lucca

Tuscany, Italy

Country:
Region:
Province:
Province of Lucca
Population:
388 327

About Province of Lucca

The Province of Lucca (Italian: Provincia di Lucca) is a province in the Tuscany region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Lucca.

It has an area of 1,773 square kilometers (685 square miles) and a total population of approximately 390,000. There are 33 municipalities (singular: comune) in the province.

Geography

Located in north-western coastal Italy, within Tuscany, Lucca borders the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west, the provinces of Massa and Carrara to the north-west, Pisa to the south, Pistoia to the north-east and Florence to the east. To the north it borders with the Emilia-Romagna region (provinces of Reggio Emilia and Modena province). Access to the Tyrrhenian Sea takes place through municipalities such as Torre del Lago, Viareggio and Forte dei Marmi. It is divided into four areas; Plain of Lucca, Versilia, Middle Serchio Valley and Garfagnana. Versilia is known for its extensive beaches and there are coastal dunes and wetlands in the Migliarino-San Rossore-Massaciuccoli Natural Park. The main towns in the province are located in Viareggio, Lido di Camaiore, Pietrasanta and Forte dei Marmi. Garfagnana is known for its wooded hills and olive trees.

Lake Massaciuccoli is a lake with an area of 6.9 square kilometers, located mainly in the municipality of Massarosa and partly in Torre del Lago, a civil parish of Viareggio.

The lake was known in antiquity as Fossis Papirianis, a name used in the Tabula Peutingeriana. The composer Giacomo Puccini lived nearby and often hunted around the lake; today the Puccini Festival is held every year to celebrate.

The springs of Bagni di Lucca, in the valley of the Lima river, a tributary of the Serchio are known from the ancient history of Lucca as the Vicariate of Val di Lima, and Fallopio once claimed that the springs cured their deafness.

Main attractions

Located along the Via Francigena, an important medieval pilgrimage route, the province is dotted with castles, abbeys, parish churches and villas such as Villa Torrigiani and Villa Mansi. The Cathedral of Lucca, also known as the Cathedral of San Martino, was originally built in the 6th century, but was rebuilt in the 11th century in Romanesque style, consecrated by Alexander II in 1070. It was restored again with influences Tuscan Gothic in the 14th century, when columns of the upper arches were added. The church of San Frediano, also in the city of Lucca, is considered the only example of Lombard architecture preserved without significant alterations, although the facade dates back to around 1200. The church contains some valuable works of art, as well as the Palazzo Mansi and the 14th century Church of San Francesco, which contains the tomb of the poet Giovanni Guidiccioni from Lucca.

The Guinigi Houses and the Guinigi Tower of Lucca are a fine example of medieval architecture left in the province; construction began in 1384 to house the wealthy Guinigi family. Paolo Guinigi was a ruler of the city shortly after the beginning of the fifteenth century. 44.25 meters high, it was built with sandstone and brick from Matraia and Verrucano dei Monti Pisani. Only one of the original towers remains and the loggia and porch on the ground floor have been closed.

Also noteworthy is a Nottolini aqueduct consisting of 459 arches, built between 1823 and 1832.

Government

List of Presidents of the Province of Lucca

Source: Wikipedia
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Lucca