Province of Massa-Carrara
About Province of Massa-Carrara
The Province of Massa-Carrara (Italian: Provincia di Massa-Carrara) is a province in the Tuscany region of central Italy. It takes its name from the provincial capital Massa and Carrara, the other main city of the province.
The province of "Massa e Carrara" was born in 1859 from the separation of Lunigiana and Garfagnana from the Duchy of Modena. It was originally composed of three districts: I ° "Circondario di Massa e Carrara" (a group of seven districts divided into 14 municipalities), II ° "Circondario" of Castelnuovo Garfagnana (four districts divided into 17 municipalities), III ° "Circondario" di Pontremoli (three districts divided into six municipalities).
Until the census of 1861, the province appears as part of the territorial compartment of Modena, Reggio and Massa, but from the population census of 1871 it was considered part of Tuscany. Subsequently, with the "Royal Decree n. 1913 of 2 September 1923", the municipalities of Calice al Cornoviglio and Rocchetta Vara were detached from the province and added to the new province of La Spezia. In the same period ("Royal Decree n. 2490 of 9 November 1923") the 17 municipalities of the "Circondario" of Castelnuovo Garfagnana were removed from Emilia and assigned to the province of Lucca, in order to compensate for the passage to the new province of Pistoia of all the municipalities of the Val di Nievole.
The province of Massa and Carrara remained paralyzed, awaiting a reorganization. In 1938, the municipalities of Carrara, Massa and Montignoso joined and became the municipality of Apituania. In the same year, the Apuan industrial area was established, included in the relative Consortium C.Z.I. The municipalities of nearby Versilia and the province took the name of a province of Apituania. In 1946, by decree the lieutenant one (Umberto II of Savoy) was formed the new municipality of Apituania and the province (by mistake and / or historical ignorance) resumed the name does not go back to 1859 when it was "Massa and Carrara" but Massa. This was the name that had been designated for the city of Massa or Massa di Carrara from 1700 until the formation of the Kingdom of Italy (1860), to distinguish it from other homonymous cities.
In 2009, both decrees of 1938 and 1946 were abolished, restoring the old name.
Geography and administration
The province covers an area of 1,157 square kilometers (447 square miles) and a total population of around 200,000. There are 17 municipalities (singular: municipality) in the province.
List of presidents of the provinces of Massa and Carrara
The economic importance of the province, once mainly based on the production of the famous white Carrara marble, has now passed on to the import and manufacture of marble and granite blocks from all over the world. [Citation needed]
Duchy of Massa and Carrara
Palazzo Ducale di Massa, seat of the local authority
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Provincia_di_Massa-Carrara