Province of Matera

Basilicate, Italy

Province of Matera
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About Province of Matera

The province of Matera (Italian: Province of Matera; Materano: provìngë dë Matàërë) is a province of Basilicata. Its capital is the city of Matera. It has an area of 3,447 square kilometers (1,331 square miles) and a total population of 201,133; the city of Matera has a population of 56,204. There are 31 municipalities (Italian: comune) in the province (see Municipalities of the Province of Matera). The province of Matera is bounded by the province of Potenza to the west and south, the Calabria region also to the south, the Puglia region to the east and north and the Ionian Sea to the southeast.

The history of the settlement in the region dates back to the Paleolithic and the first instance of organized settlement dates back to 251 BC, when the consul of the Roman Republic Lucio Cecilio Metello founded the city as Matera. Matera was sacked several times; initially by the Franks, then by the Roman emperor Louis II of Italy, and then invading the Muslims during the tenth century. Later, the city was owned by the Casa Capettina d'Angiò and the Crown of Aragon and was sold several times to subsequent wealthy families.

Giovanni Carlo Tramontano, count of Matera, was briefly the head of the city, but was despised by the residents, who saw him tyrannical and rebelled against him, killing Tramontano on December 29, 1514. The city of Matera was declared capital of the ancient district Lucania (Basilicata) in 1663; this state was removed from the city in 1806 and 1860. Under the Italian fascist rule, the title of Matera which served as the capital of Basilicata was restored in 1927. The province is known for its history of known "cave dwellings" like stones.


The main communities by population are (from January 2018 ):

Source: Wikipedia
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