Province of Palermo

Sicily, Italy

Province of Palermo
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About Province of Palermo

The Province of Palermo (Italian: Palermo province; Sicilian: Palermu pruvincia) was a province in the autonomous region of Sicily, one of the major islands of southern Italy. Its capital was the city of Palermo. On August 4, 2015 it was replaced by the Metropolitan City of Palermo.

History and location

Its name derives from the Latin word "Panormus". From 1072 to 1194 Palermo was the capital of the Kingdom of Sicily before Naples became the new capital under the dominion of the French Angevin dynasty. It was also ruled by Romans, Byzantines, Normans, Arabs, Spanish and American empires (during part of W.W. II). The historical reports documenting the existence of the province date back to the eighth and sixth centuries BC. The province is surrounded by the Tyrrhenian Sea to the north, the province of Trapani to the west, the provinces of Agrigento and Caltanissetta to the south, Enna to the southeast and Messina to the east. It is famous for its beaches, namely Mondello. The territory is mountainous and includes the Pollina and Imera valleys. Madonie Range is located in the province.

Administration and demographics

The Province of Palermo has 82 municipalities (see Municipalities of the Province of Palermo), 1,249,533 inhabitants (24.9% of the Sicilian population) and is 4,992 square kilometers (1,927 square miles) (19.4% of the Sicilian territory). Some of the main cities in the province are Palermo, Alia, Alimena, Sclafani Bagni and Petralia Soprana. In 1840, for the purposes of administration, the province was divided into four districts: Palermo, Corleone, Termini and Cefal├╣.

Economy and tourism

The service is the most important economic sector for the province, which represents three quarters of the total job opportunities, while industry and agriculture respectively occupy 18% and 6% of the population. The unemployment rate is high. Tourism is also an important sector. Some of the main tourist destinations include the Arab-Norman Palatine Chapel, the Church of San Giovanni degli Eremiti, Palazzo Abatellis, the Gothic Palazzo Chiaramonte and the National Gallery of Sicily. The seat of the Sicilian parliament is located in the province. A cathedral containing the tombs of Frederick II and other rulers is also a well-known tourist attraction. The Madonie Regional Park is also located in the province. It has an airport called Falcone-Borsellino Airport, which serves around one million passengers annually, while the local port serves around half a million passengers annually. During the months from July to September the province is visited by a large number of tourists.

See also

Metropolitan City of Palermo

Source: Wikipedia
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