Province of Pavia

Lombardy, Italy

Province of Pavia
535 822

About Province of Pavia

The province of Pavia (in Italian: Provincia di Pavia) is a province of the Lombardy region in northern Italy; its capital is Pavia. As of 2015 , the province has a population of 548,722 inhabitants and an area of 2,968.64 square kilometers (1,146.20 square miles); the city of Pavia has a population of 72,205.


The city of Pavia was initially founded by the Ligures and was later occupied by the Gallic tribes; it was conquered by the Romans in 220 BC. Called "Ticinum" by the Romans, the city was strengthened and became a fundamental part of their defenses in northern Italy; despite this, the city was sacked by Attila, the ruler of the Hunnic Empire, in 452 AD, and then again by Odoacre in 476 AD. In the sixth century it was the capital of the German Lombard tribe and survived an attempt to invade the Franks. However, after the death of Charlemagne, the Lombard territory became part of the Frankish territory.

In the 12th century it became a municipality after the end of the Frankish dominion and Frederick I, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, fortified the areas of the municipality and was crowned in Pavia in 1155. The University of Pavia was founded in 1361. Starting from 1359, Pavia and its neighborhood was owned by the Visconti and then by the Sforza of Milan, until, in 1499, the duchy of Milan became Spanish property. It was the scene of a Franco-imperial battle in 1525, in which Charles V, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, defeated Francis I of France. In 1707 and again in 1774, parts of the so-called "principality of Pavia", a province of the Duchy under the Spanish, were sold in Piedmont; these changes were restored after the collapse of the French Empire in 1814.


The province of Pavia is located in the Lombardy region in north-western Italy. It is delimited to the north by the provinces of Milan and Lodi, to the south-east by the province of Piacenza (Emilia-Romagna), and to the south-west it is delimited by the province of Alessandria (Piedmont). The province is crossed by the rivers Ticino and Po, which meet four kilometers south of the capital, Pavia. The province contains 190 municipalities and the Po river is navigable until its confluence with Ticino. There are three regions of the province, the Pavese, which is located entirely in the Po Valley, Lomellina, which is also completely in the Po Valley but between Ticino and the Po, and Oltrepò, south of the Po and which includes Monte Lesima (1,724 m (5,656 feet)), a mountain in the Apennine Mountains which is the highest point in the province. The Siccomario territory, at the confluence of the two large rivers, should be correctly inserted in Lomellina, but for historical reasons it is considered part of the Pavese. Another large river that flows through the province is Olona.

The province is mostly flat and the northwestern part of the province is a good agricultural land. The southern part rises to low hills which give way to the Ligurian Apennines. The city of Pavia occupies a prominent position in the textile industry of northern Italy and is renowned for the production of hats. It also does its part in the country's metalworking and metallurgical industry. This is an important wine district and produces sparkling wines. It is the largest area in Italy for the production of Pinot noir.


The following list shows the most populated municipalities in the province in 2010:

See also

Municipalities of the Province of Pavia

Source: Wikipedia
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