Province of Perugia

Umbria, Italy

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Region:
Province:
Province of Perugia
Population:
655 844

About Province of Perugia

The Province of Perugia (in Italian: Provincia di Perugia) is the largest of the two provinces of the Umbria region in Italy, which includes two thirds of both the area and the population of the region. Its capital is the city of Perugia. The province covered all of Umbria until 1927, when the province of Terni was excavated in its southern third. The province of Perugia has an area of 6,334 kmĀ² which covers two thirds of Umbria and a total population of around 660,000. There are 59 municipalities (Italian: comune) in the province. The province has numerous tourist attractions, especially artistic and historical ones, and is home to Lake Trasimeno, the largest lake in central Italy. Historically the ancestral origin of the Umbrians, while later it was a Roman province and therefore part of the Papal States until the end of the 19th century.

History and topology

The Etruscans probably founded Perugia in the 6th century BC The Umbrian and Tiber valleys are located in the province. The eastern part of the province is a hilly region while the rest was covered in forests. The province is located in the Tiber river basin and in its tributaries Chiaseio, Nestore, Naja and Chiana.

The southern regions are less hilly. Silk, corn and grass are some of the most important agricultural products in the province.

The 1840 version of the Penny Cyclopaedia records that Perugia supplied almost half of the butcher's meat required in the city of Rome.

The large number of cattle was fed on grass that grew in the flat areas irrigated by the water of the Tiber and its tributaries. After the province of Rome, Viterbo and Spoleto and Rieti, the province of Perugia was the fourth most important in the Papal States.

The largest lake in central Italy, Lake Trasimeno is located in the province of Perugia. The lake has three islands: Polvese, Maggiore and Minore. The lake has a circumference of about 30 miles but is relatively shallow.

It is fed by springs in the nearby hills.

Perugia was incorporated into the Kingdom of Italy in 1860 as a Province of Umbria.

The Province of Umbria at that time was a little larger than the current region of Umbria, including Rieti to the south (now part of Lazio). It was divided into the districts (districts) of Perugia, Foligno, Orvieto, Terni, Rieti and Spoleto.

In 1921, the municipal council of Terni proposed the separation of the province into the new provinces of Perugia and Terni. In 1923, Rieti together with Cittaducale were added to the province of Rome (Lazio). The remaining Province of Umbria was divided into the Provinces of Perugia and Terni in 1927.

Administration

The 59 municipalities in the province of Perugia are administered by an elected local authority which is responsible for regional planning, management and direction of the activities of the municipalities, environment, energy, road maintenance etc. In 2007, 25 people died from the consequences of drug overdose in the province of Perugia. This was the highest number of deaths recorded due to drug overdose in any Italian province.

Tourist attractions

The province is famous for its medieval palaces, castles and fortresses. Some important tourist destinations in the province are the Roman amphitheater near Porta Marzia, Cassero di Porta Sant'Angelo, Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo, Cathedral of San Lorenzo, Pulpit of San Bernardino, Piazza IV Novembre, Fontana Maggiore, National Gallery of Umbria , National Museum of Umbrian Archeology and San Pietro bell tower in the city of Perugia; Basilica of Santa Claire, Upper Basilica of San Francesco, Temple of Minerva (dating back to the 1st century BC) and Basilica of Santa Maria Degli Angeli in Assisi; Church of Sant'Agostino, Church of San Francesco and Montefalco in Spello; the fourteenth-century fortress Rocca Albornonziana, Arco di Druso and Ponte delle Torri in Spoleto; Piazza del Popolo, Palazzo del Capitano and the Etruscan Roman Museum of Todi; Cathedral of Santa Maria Argentea in Norcia. The first Christian monk San Benedetto was born in Norcia. The city of Gubbio has a Roman theater that dates back to the 1st century AD. The Franciscan Path of Peace which was the path crossed by St. Francis who left all the assets inherited from his father, connects Assisi with Gubbio. Assisi is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The cultural festival called "Festival dei due Mondi", held in Spoleto; Even the Festa dei Ceri which includes a procession of candles in the nearby Basilica of San Ubaldo and a cross arch competition "Palio arch" in Gubbio attract a large number of tourists. The province is also known for its cuisine which includes black truffle, Easter pizza, Castelluccio lentils and Norcia salami and salami.

Main towns

The main cities of the province, with a population of over 20,000 inhabitants, are:

See also

Municipalities of the Province of Perugia

Gallery

Source: Wikipedia
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Perugia