Province of Ragusa
About Province of Ragusa
The Province of Ragusa (Italian: Province of Ragusa; Sicilian: Pruvincia 'i Rausa) was a province in the autonomous region of Sicily, in southern Italy, located in the southeast of the island. Following the abolition of the Sicilian provinces, it was replaced in 2015 by the free municipal consortium of Ragusa. Its capital is the city of Ragusa, which is the southernmost provincial capital of Italy.
From Scoglitti to Pozzallo, the Ragusan coast is about 85 kilometers long. Along the Ragusa coast there are numerous fishing villages such as Kaukana, Punta Secca, Marina di Ragusa and Marina di Modica. The Iblei Mountains dominate the north of the province and its highest peaks are Monte Lauro, Monte Casale and Monte Arcibessi. The rivers of the province are Irminio, Dirillo and Ippari and the only lake in the province is Lake Santa Rosalia along the course of the Irminio river. The skyline of Ragusa is dotted with towers, domes and domes of the numerous churches for which the province is known. The area is mostly unspoiled, since during the 19th and early 20th centuries there was a great migration from Ragusa to the more prosperous areas of Italy and abroad.
It has an area of 1,623.89 square kilometers (626.99 square miles) and a total population of 321,192 (2017). There are 12 municipalities (Italian: comune) in the province , see Municipalities of the Province of Ragusa. By population, they are:
Parts of the province changed dramatically in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, largely due to tourism. However, others are relatively unchanged from pre-industrial times. The main production activities can be found in the municipalities of Ragusa and Pozzallo, where the two main industrial areas are located. The west and south of the province are mainly dedicated to intensive agriculture in greenhouses and local vegetables leave the Vittoria market to be exported all over Europe, making the province of Ragusa one of the major producers of greenhouse products. In the areas around Ragusa and Modica cattle breeding is at the highest levels in the region for the production of milk, milk and meat. Tourism has now replaced the fishing industry as the main source of employment along the coast.
There are no highways in the province and the main roads are the national SS.115 which crosses from the west (Gela) to the east (Syracuse) and the SS.514 which runs to the north connects Ragusa to Catania. The SP.25 (Provincial Road) runs south from Ragusa to Marina di Ragusa.
The 120 kilometers (75 miles) of the province's rail network are entirely on one track and not electrified. Regional trains regularly connect the main cities.
During the Cold War, Comiso airport was the largest NATO base in Europe and was recently renovated to be converted from a military to a civilian airport.
The port of Pozzallo is the only merchant and passenger port (service for Malta) and is located in the southern part of the province.
The other ports are fishing ports such as Scoglitti and Donnalucata or marinas for tourist boats such as Marina di Ragusa and Punta Secca.
The cities of Ragusa, Modica and Scicli contain many examples of Baroque architecture and since 2002 they are part of the world heritage. The main monuments are:
Cathedral of San Giovanni (Ragusa)
Portal of San Giorgio (Ragusa Ibla)
Cathedral of San Giorgio (Ragusa Ibla)
Cathedral of San Giorgio (Modica)
Cathedral of San Pietro (Modica)
Church of San Bartolomeo (Scicli)
Beneventano Palace (Scicli)
The main archaeological site in the province is the Greek city of Kamarina located on the coast.
Others are Kasmenai, Akrillai, Scornavacche, Kaukana (Roman), the Roman baths of Comiso and Cava Ispica.
The Castle of Donnafugata, near Ragusa, is a beautiful example of Baron Corrado Arezzo's country residence overlooking the surrounding countryside.
Castle of the Counts of Modica in the center of Modica.
Castle of Naselli d'Aragona in Comiso dating back to 1576.
Ruins of the fortress of the Forza di Ispica park.
Acate is home to the Castle of the Prince of Biscari originally built in 1494, it is a dominant feature of the town square. The construction of the castle was ordered by Baron Guglielmo Raimondo Paternò, his work in gold colored stone has been modified several times over the course of its long history, now it looks more like an 18th century palace than a castle, although some battlements remain and towers.
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Ragusa