Province of Ravenna
About Province of Ravenna
The province of Ravenna (Italian: Ravenna province; Romagnol: pruvènza and Ravèna) is a province in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Ravenna. As of 2015, it has a population of 391,997 inhabitants on an area of 1,859.44 square kilometers (717.93 square miles), giving it a population density of 210.81 inhabitants per square kilometer. Its provincial president is Claudio Casadio.
Ravenna was inhabited for the first time by Italic tribes of the northern regions and was conquered in 191 BC. from the Roman Republic. A port was built near Classe and the Adriatic fleet was based in Ravenna. In 402 AD, Ravenna became the capital of the Western Roman Empire, which lasted until the collapse of the empire and the fall of Rome in 476. Later, the barbarian kings Odoacer and then Theodoric controlled Ravenna until it was not conquered by the Byzantine Empire in 540; the Byzantines announced that it was their exarchate.
It continued to be under Byzantine rule until it was invaded by the Lombards in 751, and was then annexed by the Frankish king Pepin the Younger. It was placed under papal rule by Pepin the Younger in 756 or 757. Ravenna was subsequently governed by the Holy See until it gained independence in the 12th century. The papacy gained control again in 1278 and was led by papal vicars until it was invaded by Venice in 1441. The war of the Cambrai League took place near Ravenna in 1512, in which the papal forces were defeated, but the forces Frenchmen were almost entirely killed and driven out of Italy. It remained under the dominion of the Holy See until it became part of the Kingdom of Italy.
In 1921, insurrections in Ravenna triggered a rapid advancement of the fascist movement in the region. The buildings of the republicans and socialists were seized or burned by Italo Balbo and on July 29, he and his men moved to the provinces of Ravenna and Forli, burning every headquarters of a socialist organization in a night of terror that was later called "pillar of fire". This was a crucial moment in the advance of fascism in northern Italy.
The province of Ravenna is one of the nine provinces of the Emilia-Romagna region in north-eastern Italy. It is located east of the region and borders the Adriatic Sea. The Province of Ferrara is located immediately to the north and the Province of Bologna is to the west. The metropolitan city of Florence in the Tuscany region is located in the south-west and the province of Forlì-Cesena in the south. The provincial capital is the city of Ravenna, which is located a few kilometers inland and is connected to the Adriatic Sea by the Canale di Candiano.
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Ravenna