Province of Rovigo

Veneto, Italy

Province of Rovigo
242 349

About Province of Rovigo

The Province of Rovigo (Province of Rovigo) is a province of the Veneto region in Italy. Its capital is the city of Rovigo.

It borders to the north with the provinces of Verona, Padua and Venice, to the south with the province of Ferrara, to the west with the province of Mantua and to the east

with the Adriatic sea.

Geography and demography

The province of Rovigo corresponds to or is completely included in the contemporary Polesine.

It has an area of 1,789 square kilometers (691 square miles) and a total population of 244,625 inhabitants (2005).

It is a plain whose elevation ranges from -2 to 15 meters (-7 to 49 feet).

The northern border is located on the Adige river from Badia Polesine to the sea, with the exception of the territory of Cavarzere (in the province of Venice); the southern border is located on the Po river from Melara to the sea.

The province includes the entire Po delta and the border is placed on the channel of the Po delta of Goro.

The Po and Adige rivers have had a stable course only in recent times.

The land is relatively recent in formation, created by drifts taken from rivers and subsidence occurs due to natural consolidation as well as human activities such as drainage, groundwater extraction and methane extraction.

The White Canal is the only other river that flows through the province.

Many channels for drainage have been dug in the province of Rovigo because the Po and Adige are the first and third largest river in Italy in terms of flow and the land has a large amount of water to deal with; the main channels are the Collettore Padano, the Ceresolo and the Valdentro.

Other currents of historical importance are the Adigetto (a former course of the Adige), the Poazzo (a former course of the Po) and the Fossa Polesella (a former waterway that connects the White Canal with the Po).

The climate is mild continental with high humidity, with sultry summers and foggy winters; rainfall is normal, usually occurring in spring and autumn.

There are 50 municipalities (singular: comune) in the province . As of 2011, the main municipalities by population are:

The province of Rovigo still suffers from the phenomenon of emigration: young people continue to emigrate to the more developed areas of Veneto and Italy; this leads to an aging population. There are still migrations from rural areas to more developed cities within the province borders.

The various towns and villages should be connected by the SS434 "Transpolesana", a long highway designed to cross almost the entire province; at the moment it connects Verona with Rovigo.

The toll motorway A13, which connects Bologna with Padua, and the SS309 "Romea", which connects Venice with Ravenna, pass through the area.

The highway exits of the province of Rovigo are Occhiobello, Villamarzana-Rovigo sud and Rovigo.


The territory of the province was initially colonized by the Greeks, who founded the colony of Adria in the XII-XI century BC. During the 6th and 5th centuries BC the Etruscans and Venetians inhabited the area, followed by the Romans.

In the Middle Ages the region was governed by the Este as part of the Duchy of Ferrara, but Rovigo was not an administrative unit of the duchy and there was more than one Podesteria on each side of the Po river.

After the Ferrara war in 1484 the Republic of Venice began to govern the northern part of the Polesine; the Venetians designated it a territory whose capital was Rovigo, thus giving the area an administrative unit for the first time. This can be seen as the beginning of the province of Rovigo, even if its extension was less than today; the boundaries were established as the White Canal river with few exceptions: the territories of Polesella, Guarda Veneta, Adria and the Po delta were included in the Venetian territory of Rovigo.

After the Congress of Vienna in 1815 all the territories north of the Po were included in the Kingdom of Lombardy-Veneto, thus giving the province its modern extension.


The province is characterized by a flourishing agriculture, in particular the cultivation of wheat, corn, rice and sugar beets , as well as vines, apples, pears, peaches, tomatoes and vegetables.

There are small to medium sized factories located in the city of Rovigo and few other centers in the province: these are mainly food processing (many are sugar refineries ), metalworking, carpentry, textiles, construction and materials. building

Many aquaculture farms are located in the wetlands of the Po delta.

The province of Rovigo has some famous tourist villages, such as Rosolina Mare, Rosa Pineta and Albarella (Isola di Albarella in Italian).

Delta and delta natural park

Source: Wikipedia
Read more: