Province of Trapani
About Province of Trapani
Trapani (Italian: Province of Trapani, Sicilian: Pruvincia di Tràpani; officially Trapani municipal consortium) is a province in the autonomous region of the island of Sicily in southern Italy. Following the suppression of the Sicilian provinces, in 2015 it was replaced by the free municipal consortium of Trapani. Its capital is the city of Trapani. It has an area of 2,469.62 square kilometers (953.53 square miles) and a total population of 433,826 (2017). There are 24 municipalities (Italian: municipalities) in the province (see Municipalities of the Province of Trapani).
In addition to the capital Trapani, other cities and places of interest in the province include Segesta, Gibellina, Erice, Castelvetrano, Alcamo, Marsala, Mazara del Vallo, Castellammare del Golfo and Mozia. Also the nearby island of Pantelleria, known for its wine production, and the Egadi Islands are administratively part of the province of Trapani. The Province of Trapani is an important center for viticulture.
The area now covered by the province was later occupied by the Carthaginians, the Greeks and, subsequently, by the Romans. The port of Trapani, first known as Drepana, then Drepanon, was inhabited by the Sicans and the Elyos becoming a prosperous Phoenician commercial center from the eighth century BC. It was taken by the Carthaginians in 260 BC. and by the Romans in 240 BC, becoming a Roman civitas until 440 AD when it was sacked by the Vandals, then by the Byzantines and finally by the Muslims in 830. In the 16th century, it received privileges under the emperor Charles V of Spain, who also strengthened the city walls. Trapani became the capital of the province in 1817.
The province of Trapani is bordered by the Tyrrhenian Sea to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the south and the Strait of Sicily to the west. It borders to the east with only the provinces of Palermo and Agrigento. The territory has few flat areas, although with the exception of the mountains of Sparagio (1,110 m) and Inici (1065 m), most of the territory is less than 1000 meters. The north-western part is robust compared to the south. The province also includes the Egadi archipelago belonging to the municipality of Favignana, the island of Pantelleria which is the largest in Sicily, in the homonymous municipality, and the Stagnone islands, which belong to the municipality of Marsala. The Egadi Islands are made up of three main islands, Favignana, Levanzo and Marettimo and two islets, Formica and Maraone.
The province of Trapani has a certain number of rivers but most of them have no significant size or importance, with the exception of the Belice river bordering the province, and the Birgi river, with a length of about 40 km. Other rivers include the Modione torrent, Mazaro, the River, the Salemi and the Sossius, the latter of which flows into the Mediterranean Sea in the locality of Berbaro.
The natural lakes include the Gorghi Tondi and Preola, in the municipality of Mazara del Vallo, and the Lago di Venere in Pantelleria. There are also three artificial lakes, Lake Rubino, created by a dam on the Cuddia river, which is part of the Birgi water catchment area, at Lago Trinità di Castelvetrano, and the lake of the same name in the town of Paceco. However, there is also a coastal lagoon, the Laguna dello Stagnone, within a 2000 hectare reserve on the stretch of coast between Punta Alga and Capo San Teodoro, near Marsala, in an area that was once a important naval and commercial base for the Phoenicians. The waters are shallow and very salty, with marshes. The lagoon is made up of four islands: Longa Santa Maria, San Pantaleo and Schola.
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Trapani