Province of Trieste
Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy
About Province of Trieste
The Province of Trieste (Italian: Province of Trieste, Slovenian: Tržaška pokrajina; Friulian: province of Trieste) was a province in the autonomous region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Its capital was the city of Trieste.
It had an area of 212 square kilometers (82 square miles) and a total population of 234,668 (as of June 2016). It had a coastal length of 48.1 kilometers (29.9 mi).
There were 6 municipalities in the province.
After the dissolution of the Western Roman Empire, the area of the province of Trieste was governed by Ostrogoths, Eastern Romans (Byzantines), Lombards and Franks. With the advent of the Habsburgs (13th century) the territory was divided between the lords of Duino, Trieste, San Dorligo della Valle and Muggia. During the reign of Maria Theresa of Austria and, subsequently, of Joseph II, maritime trade was increased with the establishment of the free port.
In 1809, the area was ceded to France after Austria's defeat in that year. After the definitive French defeat, the municipalities of Duino, Aurisina, Sgonico and Monrupino, which were once part of Carniola, were annexed to those of Gorizia and Gradisca, while Trieste became a direct city of the Austrian Empire. San Dorligo della Valle and Muggia became part of Istria.
The First World War left the territory of the province almost intact, although fierce battles were fought right on its borders to the north-west.
The whole area was occupied by Italy in November 1918, following the defeat of Austria in the First World War. It was officially annexed to Italy with the 1920 Rapallo treaty, which also assigned all the former Austrian coast to Italy.
The Province of Trieste was founded for the first time in 1920. It included the current territory of the province, as well as significant parts of the Kras plateau and the Inner Carniola region in present-day Slovenia. Between 1923 and 1943, the province of Trieste also included the municipalities of Monfalcone, Staranzano, Ronchi dei Legionari, San Canzian d'Isonzo, Turriaco, San Pier d'Isonzo, Fogliano-Redipuglia and Grado (today in the Province of Gorizia) , the current Slovenian municipalities of Sežana (including the former municipalities of Dutovlje, Tomaj and Lokev), Divača (including the former municipalities of Senožeče and Vremski Britof), Postojna (shortly after Postojna before 1945; including the former municipalities of Bukovje, Hrenovice and Slavina) and Pivka (including former municipalities of Šmihel and Košana), as well as some settlements in the current Slovenian municipality of Koper, namely Hrvatini, Elerji, Spodnje Škofije, Plavje and Osp.
After the Second World War
After the end of the Second World War, the Free Territory of Trieste was established as a free state on September 15, 1947. On October 26, 1954, Italy and Yugoslavia came to an agreement according to which the de facto territory was divided between the two states. . Zone A of the free state became the new province of Trieste and zone B was to be administered by Yugoslavia. The Province of Trieste formally became part of Italy on 11 October 1977 with the Treaty of Osimo.
The province was abolished on September 30, 2017.
Italian is spoken throughout the province. In the city of Trieste, many people speak Trieste, a Venetian dialect. Tergestino, an archaic dialect of the Friulian dialect, was spoken in Trieste and Muggia, but became completely extinct in the mid-nineteenth century.
It is estimated that 8% of the population of the province (25,000 out of 260,000 in the last census of 1971) belongs to the Slovenian ethnic community.
Italian legislation recognizes and protects the Slovenian linguistic minority in all six municipalities in the province, although visual bilingualism is not applied in the center of Trieste and in the city of Muggia. In addition to the standard Slovenian, which is taught in Slovenian language schools, three different Slovenian dialects are spoken in the province of Trieste. The Karst dialect is spoken in the municipalities of Duino-Aurisina and Sgonico, as well as in several settlements in the municipality of Trieste: Barcola, Prosecco and Contovello. The internal Carniolano dialect is spoken in the municipality of Monrupino and in various settlements in the municipality of Trieste, namely Opicina, Trebiciano, Padriciano and Basovizza. The Istrian dialect is spoken in the municipalities of San Dorligo della Valle and in the rural areas of Muggia, as well as in the southern suburbs of Trieste (in particular in Servola).
Below is a list of the six municipalities in the Province of Trieste, in Italy.
Points of interest
Carsiana Botanical Garden
Sources of Timavo
Fortified church of Monrupino
List of governors of the province of Trieste, for a list of governors of the province from 1918 to 1954
Free Territory of Trieste
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Trieste