Province of Udine

Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy

Province of Udine
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About Province of Udine

Friuli is an area of north-eastern Italy with its own particular cultural and historical identity which contains 600,000 Friulians. It includes most of the autonomous region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia, i.e. the administrative provinces of Udine, Pordenone and Gorizia, excluding Trieste.


Friuli's multi-ethnic and later multilingual tradition means that the name of the region varies depending on the location. In addition to Friuli from Italian (Italian: ), other local Romance forms include Friulan Friûl (listen (help · info)) and Venetian Friul; Friaul in German and Furlanija (Cyrillic: Фурланија) in Slovenian and in the southern Slavic languages.

The name Friuli derives from the ancient Roman city of Forum Iulii (now Cividale del Friuli).


Friuli is delimited to the west by the Veneto region with the border that runs along the Livenza river, to the north by the ridge of the Carnic Alps between Carnia and Austrian Carinthia, to the east by the Julian Alps, on the border with Slovenia and the Timavo river, and to the south from the Adriatic sea. The adjacent Slovenian parts of the Isonzo / Isonzo valley from Gorizia / Nova Gorica to the mountain. Triglav and the Vipava valley, which form the Goriška region, can also be considered part of historic Friuli.


The mountainous part of the north of the region belongs to the southern limestone Alps. From west to east, the highest peaks in the region are, in the Carnic Prealps (Friulian Dolomites) - the Cima dei Preti, 2,703 meters (8,868 feet), They will last 2,652 meters (8,701 feet) and Cridola 2,581 meters (8,468 feet); in the Carnic Alps - Peralba 2,694 meters (8,839 feet), Monte Bìvera 2,474 meters (8,117 feet) and Cogliani 2,780 meters (9,120 feet); in the Julian Alps, the Jôf Fuârt 2,666 meters (8,747 feet), the Jôf di Montasio 2,754 meters (9,035 feet), Mangart 2,677 meters (8,783 feet) and the Canin 2,587 meters (8,488 feet), which dominates the plain.

The rivers that flow south from the mountains are numerous. The Friulian mountains surround the course of the Tagliamento river which, at the latitude of Gemona del Friuli, first crosses the hills that occupy the center of Friuli, and then flows into a large alluvial plain. This plain is commonly divided into the high plains of Friuli and the low plains of Friuli (Bassa Friulana), whose border is the Napoleonic road that connects the cities of Codroipo and Palmanova. South of this road is the resurgence area, where water re-emerges from underground streams in spring-fed pools throughout the area. To the south of the plain are the lagoons of Marano and Grado, which are nature reserves. Other important rivers include Torre, Natisone, Stella, Isonzo / Soča and Ausa.

Friuli covers an area of 8,240 square kilometers (3,180 square miles), divided between the provinces of Udine 4,905 square kilometers (1,894 square kilometers), Pordenone 2,178 square kilometers (841 square kilometers) and Gorizia 466 square kilometers (180 square kilometers). . Historical capital and most important city of Udine, it was also the capital of the medieval homeland of Friuli. Other important cities are Pordenone, Gorizia / Nova Gorica, Sacile, Codroipo, Cervignano del Friuli, Cividale del Friuli, Gemona del Friuli, Monfalcone and Tolmezzo.


The climate of the Friuli plain is humid sub-Mediterranean. The climate in this area is suitable for the cultivation of white wine grapes and 2.5% of the wine produced in Italy comes from this part of the region. The hills, however, have a continental climate and the mountainous regions have an alpine climate. On the coast the average annual temperature is 14 ° C (57 ° F), while in the internal plains the average is reduced from 13 to 13.5 ° C (from 55.4 to 56.3 ° F; Udine 13.1 ° C (55.6 ° F), Pordenone 13.3 ° C (55.9 ° F), Gorizia 13.4 ° C (56.1 ° F)). Further north, in Tolmezzo, the average temperature is around 10.6 ° C (51.1 ° F). The lowest values are recorded in the Alps: 4 ° C (39 ° F) at the Passo di Monte Croce Carnico (at 1,300 meters / 4,300 feet) and between 5.5 and 7 ° C (41.9-44.6 ° F ) in Val Canale, which is 850 meters (2,790 feet) above sea level. In the coldest month, January, temperatures vary between around 4.5 ° C (40.1 ° F) in Monfalcone and almost -5 ° C (23 ° F) in the Passo di Monte Croce Carnico, with intermediate temperatures of 3 ° C (37 ° F) in Udine and −2 or −3 ° C (28 or 27 ° F) in Valcanale. Gorizia, a short distance from Udine, enjoys a particularly mild microclimate with its approximate annual average of 4 ° C (39 ° F). In the warmest month, July, temperatures vary between 22.5 and 24 ° C (72.5–75.2 ° F) along the coast and plains and between 14 and 16 ° C (57–61 ° F) in Val Canale.

Source: Wikipedia
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