Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy

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About Trento

Trento (Italian pronunciation: (listen); also anglicized as Trento; Ladino: Trènt; German: Trento; Cimbro: Tria ) is a city on the Adige river in Trentino-Alto Adige / Südtirol in Italy. It is the capital of the autonomous province of Trento. In the 16th century, the city was the seat of the Council of Trent. Formerly part of Austria and Austria-Hungary, it was annexed by Italy in 1919. With nearly 120,000 inhabitants, Trento is the third largest city in the Alps and the second largest in Tyrol.

Trento is an educational, scientific, financial and political center in Trentino-Alto Adige / Südtirol, in Tyrol and in Northern Italy in general. The University of Trento ranks second among the "medium" universities in the census ranking and the fifth in the Il Sole 24 Ore ranking of Italian universities. The city contains a picturesque medieval and Renaissance historical center, with ancient buildings such as the Cathedral of Trento and the Castello del Buonconsiglio.

Together with other Alpine cities, Trento is committed to the Alpine City of the Year association for the implementation of the Alpine Convention to achieve sustainable development in the Alps.

Trento was awarded the title of Alpine city of the year 2004.

The city is often in first place among Italian cities for quality of life, standard of living and job and job opportunities, ranking 5th in 2017. Trento is also one of the richest and most prosperous cities in the nation, with its province one of the richest in Italy, with a per capita GDP of € 31,200 and a (nominal) GDP of € 16,563 billion .


The municipality of Trento includes the city center and numerous suburbs with extremely varied geographical and population conditions (from the industrial suburb of Gardolo, just north of the city, to the small mountain villages on Monte Bondone). Various distinctive suburbs still retain their traditional identity as rural or mountain villages.

Trento is located in a large glacial valley known as the Adige valley, just south of the Dolomite mountains, where the Fersina and Avisio rivers join the Adige river (the second longest river in Italy). The Adige river is one of the three main alpine rivers to the south; its widely curved path alongside Trento was straightened in 1850. The valley is surrounded by mountains, including Vigolana (2,150 m (7,050 feet)), Monte Bondone (2,181 m (7,156 feet)), Paganella (2,124 m (6,969 feet)), Marzola (1,747 m (5,732 feet)) and Monte Calisio (1,096 m (3,596 ft)). The nearby lakes include Lake Caldonazzo, Lake Levico, Lake Garda and Lake Toblino.


Fractions or subdivisions of Trento:


In 2007 there were 112,637 people residing in Trento, of which 48% were male and 52% were female. Minors (children aged 18 or under) represented 18.01 percent of the population compared to retirees who count 19.37 percent. This compares with the Italian average of 18.06 percent (minors) and 19.94 percent (pensioners). The average age of residents in Trento is 41 years compared to the Italian average of 42. In the five years between 2002 and 2007, the population of Trento grew by 5.72%, while Italy as a whole grew by 3.56%. The current birth rate of Trento is 9.61 births per 1,000 inhabitants compared to the Italian average of 9.45 births.

As of 2006 , 92.68% of the population was Italian. The largest group of immigrants came from other European countries (mainly Albania, Romania): 4.13%, North Africa: 1.08% and the Americas: 0.85%.

Trento Informa (a magazine distributed by the "municipality") reports that in 2011 there were 117,190 people residing in Trento, of which 48.5% were aged between 45 and 65. The average age was 43.1 years. 13,535 (11.5%) were foreigners.


The origins of this city on the river track to Bolzano and the low Alpine passes of Brenner and Resia Pass on the Alps are controversial. Some scholars argue that it was a Rhaetian settlement: the Adige area was however influenced by neighboring populations, including the (Adriatic) Veneti, the Etruscans and the Gauls (a Celtic people). According to other theories, the latter instead found the city in the fourth century BC.

Source: Wikipedia
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