Veneto, Italy

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About Venice

Venice (/ ˈvɛnɪs / VEN-iss; Italian: Venice (listen); Venetian: Venesia or Venexia, pronounced ) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of Veneto. It is located on a group of 118 small islands which are separated by canals and connected by over 400 bridges. The islands are located in the lower Venetian lagoon, a closed bay located between the mouths of the Po and Piave rivers (more precisely between the Brenta and the Sile). In 2018, 260,897 people resided in the Municipality of Venice, of which approximately 55,000 live in the historic city of Venice (historic center). Together with Padua and Treviso, the city is included in the Padua-Treviso-Venice metropolitan area (PATREVE), which is considered a statistical metropolitan area, with a total population of 2.6 million.

The name derives from the ancient Venetians who inhabited the region in the tenth century BC. The city has historically been the capital of the Republic of Venice for a millennium and beyond, from 697 to 1797. It was a major financial and maritime power during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, and a staging area for the Crusades and the Battle of Lepanto, as well as an important commercial center, in particular silk, wheat and spices and art from the 13th century to the end of the 17th century. The city-state of Venice is considered the first true international financial center, emerging in the 9th century and reaching its maximum importance in the 14th century. This has made Venice a rich city for much of its history. After the Napoleonic Wars and the Congress of Vienna, the Republic was annexed to the Austrian Empire, until it became part of the Kingdom of Italy in 1866, following a referendum held following the Third War of Independence Italian.

Venice was known as "La Dominante", "La Serenissima", "Queen of the Adriatic", "City of water", "City of masks", "City of bridges", "The floating city" and "City of Canals ". The lagoon and part of the city are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Parts of Venice are famous for the beauty of their environments, their architecture and works of art. Venice is known for several important artistic movements - especially during the Renaissance period - had an important role in the history of symphonic and operatic music, and is the birthplace of Antonio Vivaldi.

Although the city is facing some challenges (including an excessive number of tourists and problems caused by pollution, tides and cruise ships sailing too close to buildings), Venice remains a tourist destination very popular, an important cultural center and has been ranked many times the most beautiful city in the world. It has been described by Times Online as one of the most romantic cities in Europe and by the New York Times as "arguably the most beautiful man-made city" .


The name of the city, deriving from the Latin forms Venetia and Venetiae, is most likely taken from "Venetia et Histria", the Roman name of Regio X of Roman Italy, but applied to the coastal part of the region which remained under the Roman Empire at the outside of Gothic, Lombard and Frankish control. The name Venetia, however, derives from the Roman name for the people known as Veneti, and called by the Greeks Enetoi (Ἐνετοί). The meaning of the word is uncertain, although there are other Indo-European tribes with similar names, such as Celtic Veneti and the Slavic Vistula Veneti. Linguists suggest that the name is based on an Indo-European root * wen ("love"), so that * wenetoi means "loved", "lovable" or "friendly". A connection with the Latin word venetus is also possible, which means the color "sea blue".

Supposed connections of Venetia with the Latin verb come (to come), such as Marin Sanudo's veni etiam ("And yet, I came!"), The supposed cry of the first refugees in the Venetian lagoon from the mainland, or even with venia (" forgiveness ") are imaginative. The obsolete alternative form is Vinegia ; (Venetian: Venèxia ; Latin: Venetiae; Slovenian: Benetke; Croatian: Venecija).



Source: Wikipedia
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