Liguria (/ lɪˈɡ (j) ʊəriə /, Italian: ; Ligurian: Ligûria ) is a region of north-western Italy; its capital is Genoa. Its territory is crossed by the mountain ranges of the Alps and the Apennines. Liguria is bordered by France (Provence-Alps-French Riviera) in the west, Piedmont in the north and Emilia-Romagna and Tuscany in the east. It is located on the Ligurian Sea. The region is part of the Alps-Mediterranean Euroregion.
The name Liguria precedes Latin and is of dark origin. The Latin adjectives Ligusticum (as in Mare Ligusticum) and Liguscus reveal the original root of the name, ligusc-: in the Latin name -sc- it was abbreviated to -s-, and subsequently transformed into -r- of Liguria, according to rotsacism. Compare ancient Greek: λίγυς, Romanized: Lígus, lit. "a Ligurian, a Ligurian person" from which Ligustikḗ λιγυστική trad. the name of the place Liguria. The name derives from the ancient Ligures, although in reality the territory of this people was much larger than those of the present region and included all of north-western Italy south of the river Po and south-eastern France. [Citation needed]
Some scholars see a possible connection with the languages of ancient Europe, since the formant -sc- (-sk-) is also present in names such as Etruscan, Euskadi (the endonym of the Basques) and Gascon. Since it concerns all the coastal regions, the shared formant can refer to a descent shared by the pre-Indo-European, maritime peoples, and / or by the hypothetical families of the Tirsenian and Vasconic language in a correct way. This argument is weakened, however, by the fact that the Etruscan name is a relatively late exonym and its endonym, used
of the Etruscans themselves, it was Rasenna or Raśna. (In Greek this turned into Tursēnoi and Tyrrēnoi; in Latin it became Etruria and Tuscany.)
Liguria is bordered by France (Provence-Alps-French Riviera) in the west, Piedmont in the north and Emilia-Romagna and Tuscany in the east. It is located on the Ligurian Sea. The narrow strip of land is bordered by the sea, the Alps and the Apennines. Some mountains exceed 2,000 m (6,600 feet); the watershed line runs at an average altitude of approximately 1,000 m (3,300 feet). The highest point in the region is the top of Monte Saccarello (2,201 m, 7,221 feet).
The winding arc extension extends from Ventimiglia to La Spezia. Of these, 3,524.08 km2 (1,360.65 square miles) are mountainous (65% of the total) and 891.95 km2 (344.38 square miles) are hills (35% of the total). Liguria's nature reserves cover 12% of the entire region, or 600 km2 (230 sq mi) of land. They consist of a national reserve, six large parks, two smaller parks and three nature reserves.
The continental shelf is very narrow and so steep that it drops almost immediately to considerable depths along its 350 kilometer (220 mile) coast. With the exception of the promontories of Portovenere and Portofino, the coast is generally not very jagged and is often high. At the mouth of the largest streams there are small beaches, but there are no deep bays and natural harbors except in Genoa and La Spezia.
The hills that lie immediately beyond the coast together with the sea represent a mild climate all year round. Average winter temperatures are from 7 to 10 ° C (45 to 50 ° F) and summer temperatures are from 23 to 24 ° C (73 to 75 ° F), which makes your stay pleasant even in the middle of winter. The rains can be abundant at times, as the mountains very close to the coast create an orographic effect. Genoa and La Spezia can see up to 2,000 mm (80 in) of rain in a year; other areas instead show the normal rainfall of the Mediterranean from 500 to 800 mm (20 to 30 inches) per year.
Prehistory and Roman times
According to classical sources, the Ligurians (Ligures) once lived in a much larger territory than today's Liguria. For example, the Greek colony of Massalia, modern Marseille, was registered to be located in the Ligurian territory.
During the First Punic War, the ancient Ligurians were divided, some of whom sided with Carthage and a minority with Rome, whose allies included the Genoese future. Under Augustus, Liguria was designated a region of Italy (Regio IX Liguria) which extends from the coast to the banks of the river Po. The great Roman roads (Aurelia and Julia Augusta on the coast, Postojna and Aemilia Scauri towards the hinterland) they helped to strengthen territorial unity and increase communication and trade. Important cities developed on the coast, of which traces remain in the ruins of Albenga, Ventimiglia and Luni.
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liguria