Molise (UK: / mɒˈliːzeɪ /, US: / ˈmoʊlizeɪ, moʊˈliːzeɪ /, Italian: ; Molisano: Mulise) is a region of southern Italy. Until 1963 it was part of the Abruzzo and Molise region, alongside the Abruzzo region. The split, which did not take effect until 1970, makes Molise the youngest region in Italy. Covering 4,438 square kilometers (1,714 square kilometers), it is the second smallest region in the country after Valle d'Aosta and has a population of 313,348 (as of January 1, 2015).
The region is divided into two provinces, named after their respective capitals Campobasso and Isernia. Campobasso also acts as a regional capital.
Molise is bordered by Abruzzo to the north, Puglia to the east, Lazio to the west and Campania to the south. It has 35 kilometers (22 miles) of sandy coast to the northeast, located on the Adriatic Sea and looking towards the Tremiti islands.
The Molise countryside is mainly mountainous, with 55% covered by mountains and most of the rest by hills that descend towards the sea.
Main monuments and monuments
Campobasso Cathedral (Holy Trinity)
Church of Sant'Antonio
Church of San Bartolomeo
Church of San Giorgio
Palazzo San Giorgio (Head of the municipality)
Provincial Museum of the "Samnites"
Isernia Cathedral (San Pietro)
Monumental complex and museum of the Abbey of Santa Maria delle Monache
Sanctuary of Saints Cosma and Damiano
Archaeological site Isernia La Pineta
Paleolithic Museum in the La Pineta site
Cathedral of San Basso da Lucera
Medieval castle of Frederick II
Museum of the Renaissance Gallery
Province of Campobasso
Church of Santa Maria Maggiore (Guglionesi)
Sanctuary of Santa Maria del Canneto (Roccavivara)
Caldora Castle (Carpinone)
Castello d'Angiò (Civitacampomarano)
Lombard Castle (Tufara)
Bojano Cathedral (San Bartolomeo)
Medieval fortress Civita Superiore (Bojano)
Torre Angioina (Colletorto)
Archaeological site and Roman theater of Larinum (Larino)
Archaeological site and museum of Altilia (Sepino)
Italic Sanctuary of San Pietro dei Cantoni (Sepino)
Megalithic walls of Saipins (Terravecchia zone - Sepino)
Church of Santa Maria della Strada (Matrice)
Historic center of Guardialfiera
Capua Castle (Gambatesa)
Province of Isernia
Abbey of San Vincenzo al Volturno (Castel San Vincenzo)
Marinelli Bell Factory and Museum (Agnone)
Italic theater and temple in the archaeological site of Pietrabbondante
Parish Church and Bell Tower of San Silvestro (Bagnoli del Trigno)
Bagnoli del Trigno (The pearl of Molise)
Rock church of Pietracupa
Church of Sant'Antonio Abate (Pietracupa)
Neo-Gothic Basilica of Santa Maria Addolorata (Castelpetroso)
Pandone Castle (Venafro)
Pandone Castle (Cerro al Volturno)
Abbey of Santa Maria del Carmelo (Roccavivara)
Colli al Volturno
Agriculture, which involves small and micro farms, currently offers high quality products. Farms produce wine, cereals, olive oil, vegetables, fruit and dairy products. Traditional products are Grass Pea (cicerchia) and Farro. The native Molise grape is Tintilia which has been rediscovered in the last ten years and many other DOP (DOP) wines, both red and white.
Although there is a large Fiat plant (Termoli), the industrial sector is dominated by the agricultural industry with small and medium-sized farms widely spread throughout the region. Another important industry is the transformation of food products: pasta, meat, dairy products, oil and wine are the traditional products of the region. In the services sector, the most important industries are distribution, hotels and restaurants, followed by transport and communications, banks and insurance companies. With a few exceptions, businesses in all sectors are small and this explains the difficulties encountered in the marketing of products on a national scale .
International tourism is growing largely due to the recent opening of international flights from other European countries to Pescara airport, which is not far to the north in Abruzzo and connected to Molise by the A14 highway (the only highway that crosses Molise, from Termoli).
Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molise